Q:

What are the natural vegetation zones of Canada?

A:

Quick Answer

Canada has seven vegetation zones including tundra, west coast forest, cordilleran vegetation, boreal and taiga forest, grassland, mixed forest and deciduous forest. Vegetation regions are characterized by similar plant life as determined by climate and other factors, such as geology, soil composition and erosion. The boreal forest region is the largest in Canada, followed by the Arctic tundra region.

 Know More
What are the natural vegetation zones of Canada?
Credit:Paxson WoelberCC-BY 2.0

Full Answer

The boreal forest extends from the edge of the Arctic zone south towards deciduous forests and from the interior of Alaska east to Newfoundland and Labrador. This region consists of coniferous and deciduous trees, such as spruce, aspen, balsam poplar, balsam fir, maple and pine.

The Arctic tundra zone is mostly treeless due to cold temperatures and frozen ground. Short, woody shrubs cover most of this area, along with tundra grasses. Wildlife uses these shrubs for cover to hide from predators and to keep warm.

The cordillera region features diverse vegetation, such as a coastal rain forest, alpine tundra, savannah forest and flat grassland. The cordillera is subdivided into 14 sub regions of various fauna. The grassland zone features mostly perennial herbaceous plants including tall prairie grasses. The amount of vegetation increases eastward from the Rocky Mountains, where there is more precipitation, and southward, where the temperature increases.

Learn more about Canada

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is Italkbb in Canada?

    A:

    ITalkBB Canada is a telecommunications company mostly aimed at the East Asian Canadian market. It offers VoIP, Chinese TV packages and high-speed Internet packages over Bell Canada lines.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the pros and cons of living in Canada?

    A:

    Advantages of living in Canada include the country’s strong jobs market and affordable health care, while potential disadvantages are the cold winter weather and high cost of living. The income tax rate, which varies between 15 to 30 percent as of 2015, is also higher than some other countries.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    On which continent is Canada?

    A:

    Canada is on the continent of North America. It is located in the northernmost part of North America and shares a border to the south with the United States. Covering 3.8 million square miles, Canada is the second-largest country in the world after Russia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the capital of Canada?

    A:

    The capital city of Canada is Ottawa, which is located in the province of Ontario. Ottawa is Canada's fourth largest city with a population exceeding more than 900,000 residents. This city was selected by Queen Victoria as the capital in mid-19th century.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore