The New Jersey Plan was a proposed government for the United States developed by William Paterson in 1787. The smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan presented by James Madison because they feared that it would allow the more populous states to dominate the government. The New Jersey Plan was rejected by the Constitutional Convention, though some of its ideas were incorporated into the Constitution.
Under the New Jersey Plan, the federal government had a unicameral legislature, rather than the bicameral legislature proposed by Madison. Each state had a single vote in the Congress to prevent larger states from gaining too much power. Congress was given the power to raise taxes and levy tariffs, and federal laws were supreme over state laws.
Instead of electing a single person to serve as head of the executive branch, Congress elected an executive council to a single four-year term. The governors of the states could petition Congress to recall members of the council. Judges were appointed to lifetime terms by the executive council.
The Constitutional Convention rejected the New Jersey Plan but used some of its ideas in the final draft of the Constitution. While the members of the House of Representatives were allocated by population, each state had equal representation in the Senate.Learn More
The territory that became New Jersey was first explored in 1609 by Henry Hudson, who claimed the land for the Dutch and named it "New Netherlands." The first permanent settlement was the town of Bergen, which was founded in 1660.Full Answer >
A popular area in New Jersey is the Coastal Plain, which constitutes most of the state's shoreline with the Atlantic Ocean. It is composed largely of white-sand beaches on the shore, with other lowland areas and swamps.Full Answer >
New Jersey was named after the Isle of Jersey in the English Channel. This is due to British influence over the colonies in the early years of the United States. New Jersey was originally called New Netherlands and was renamed after the Dutch colonists lost the land to British colonists.Full Answer >
The state of New Jersey is bordered by New York to the north and east, Pennsylvania to the west, Delaware to the southwest and the Atlantic Ocean to the south and southeast. The state is located n the Middle and Northeastern Atlantic regions of the United States.Full Answer >