The New Jersey Plan was a proposed government for the United States developed by William Paterson in 1787. The smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan presented by James Madison because they feared that it would allow the more populous states to dominate the government. The New Jersey Plan was rejected by the Constitutional Convention, though some of its ideas were incorporated into the Constitution.Know More
Under the New Jersey Plan, the federal government had a unicameral legislature, rather than the bicameral legislature proposed by Madison. Each state had a single vote in the Congress to prevent larger states from gaining too much power. Congress was given the power to raise taxes and levy tariffs, and federal laws were supreme over state laws.
Instead of electing a single person to serve as head of the executive branch, Congress elected an executive council to a single four-year term. The governors of the states could petition Congress to recall members of the council. Judges were appointed to lifetime terms by the executive council.
The Constitutional Convention rejected the New Jersey Plan but used some of its ideas in the final draft of the Constitution. While the members of the House of Representatives were allocated by population, each state had equal representation in the Senate.Learn more about The Northeast
New Jersey acquired the nickname "Garden State" following remarks made by Abraham Browning of Camden, N.J. during Jersey Day at the Centennial Exhibition in Philadelphia in 1876. Calling New Jersey the Garden State, Browning compared the state to an enormous barrel, filled with good things to eat, open at both ends, with Pennsylvanians grabbing from one end and New Yorkers from the other.Full Answer >
The New Jersey colony had a mild climate with warm summers and mild winters. New Jersey, along with the other Middle Colonies of New York, Pennsylvania and Delaware, had less severe winters than the New England colonies and cooler summers than the Southern colonies. The climate, combined with fertile soil and the general geography, made New Jersey ideal for farming.Full Answer >
The natural resources in New Jersey include its forests, streams and beaches. Wetlands, estuaries and bays are also resources in the state. In addition, the state is abundant in various crushed stones, including traprock and granite.Full Answer >
A popular area in New Jersey is the Coastal Plain, which constitutes most of the state's shoreline with the Atlantic Ocean. It is composed largely of white-sand beaches on the shore, with other lowland areas and swamps.Full Answer >