The discovery of Niagara Falls is commonly attributed to a French priest, Father Louis Hennepin, who traveled there in 1678 was the first European to document them. Native Americans living in the region were likely the falls' original discoverers.Know More
Father Hennepin was part of a 1678 expedition that traveled to Niagara Falls. After returning to France, Hennepin published an account of his travels in "A New Discovery." The book brought Niagara Falls to the western world's attention, inspiring further exploration of the region.
While Hennepin is given the honor for the discovery of Niagara Falls, Frenchman Samuel de Champlain visited the area as early as 1604 during his exploration of Canada. His journals describe the spectacular waterfalls that his party described to him. There is also some evidence the French Jesuit Father Paul Ragueneau visited the falls in 1643 while working among the Hurons in Canada.Learn more in Bodies of Water
Niagara Falls was formed by melting ice that drained down the Niagara River at the end of the Ice Age and dropped off a cliff called the Niagara Escarpment. Constant refreezing and thawing of the Niagara River continues to have an effect on the falls, moving them slowly upstream due to erosion.Full Answer >
Despite unusually cold temperatures during some winters, including that of 1932, Niagara Falls has never actually frozen. Ice forms over the river and icicles form over the falls that create the illusion that the falls are frozen, but the flow of water has stopped only once in 1848. This, however, was due to an ice jam and not because the falls were frozen.Full Answer >
Victoria Falls is situated on the Zambezi River in southern Africa and forms the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1989, Victoria Falls is known as one of the most majestic and the largest curtain of falling water in the world.Full Answer >
Habitat loss in the Great Lakes is attributed to invasive species, pollution, shoreline development, passage of ships, disappearance of native species and water withdrawals from the Great Lakes basins. A small portion of habitat loss in the Great Lakes comes from natural phenomena, including natural disasters such as floods and droughts. However, most of the changes to this fragile ecosystem comes from human activity.Full Answer >