What ocean surrounds Antarctica?
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Q:

What ocean surrounds Antarctica?

A:

Quick Answer

The Southern Ocean surrounds Antarctica. The International Hydrographic Organization created the Southern Ocean in 2000. This ocean comprises the southern parts of the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans, and it reaches from the coast of Antarctica to 60 degrees south latitude. The Southern Ocean is the fourth-largest ocean worldwide.

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Full Answer

The continent of Antarctica comprises an area of 5.4 million square miles and is the southernmost of the continents. Antarctica's area is about double that of Australia, making Antarctica the fifth-largest continent. About 98 percent of Antarctica is covered by ice averaging over 1 mile in thickness. Antarctica is estimated to have no permanent residents and about 5,000 temporary residents as of 2014.

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Related Questions

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    What is the capital of Antarctica?

    A:

    Antarctica does not have a capital, for it is not an independent country. Many countries have territorial claims on the continent, but few of them even have cities.

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  • Q:

    How can we protect Antarctica?

    A:

    Protection of Antarctica, its surrounding oceans and its biodiversity requires concerted efforts to minimize human impact on a global level. Efforts include minimizing the number of tourists, closely regulating commercial activities in the region, addressing the issue of worldwide climate change and establishing internationally recognized sanctuaries, standards and systems of oversight.

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    What are some facts about Antarctica?

    A:

    One fact about Antarctica is that it is a continent permanently covered with ice and snow at the South Pole. It is considered a desert, and is also the driest, coldest and windiest place on the planet.

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  • Q:

    Who first discovered Antarctica?

    A:

    The first explorer to gather evidence of Antarctica's existence was Captain James Cook between 1772 and 1775. It was not until subsequent expeditions (1819-1820) by William Smith and James Bransfield that the shore was sighted. It was another year before the American Captain John Davis actually landed on the continent.

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