Scotland's official national animal is the unicorn, a fictitious creature. The unicorn has been a Scottish heraldic symbol since the 12th century, when William I put it on an early form of the Scottish coat of arms.
When King James VI of Scotland succeeded Elizabeth I of England, uniting the two countries, the Scottish Royal Arms featured two unicorns supporting the royal shield. As a gesture of unity, James replaced the left unicorn with the English lion. This provides strong symbolism, as mythology paints the lion and the unicorn as enemies, vying for the crown of king of beasts; the unicorn rules through harmony and the lion by might.
The United Kingdom's Royal Coat still has the English lion on the left and the Scottish unicorn on the right. Scotland's Royal Coat of Arms has them reversed.Learn More
Though there is a bit of debate regarding the official national animal of Italy, the golden eagle and Italian wolf have both been deemed Italy's national animals by different sources. Although these animals are not officially recognized, unofficially they are regarded by certain sects as Italian symbols.Full Answer >
Scotland is not a country. It is a nation within the country of United Kingdom. Northern Ireland, Wales and England are the other nations that comprise the United Kingdom.Full Answer >
The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. According to Visit Scotland, the region known as Edinburgh and the Lothians includes both the urban capital city and the nearby rural countryside.Full Answer >
Scotland exports Scotch whisky, salmon, beef and lamb, chemicals, petroleum products, electronics, and textiles. The country imports manufactured goods, beverages and tobacco, machinery and vehicles, and fuels. Whisky is the best-known Scottish export, with 36 bottles exported every second as of 2014. Scottish salmon is exported to about 60 countries each year.Full Answer >