More than 25 percent of Africa is desert. The Sahara Desert, the Kalahari Desert and the Namib Desert are the main deserts found in Africa.Know More
The Sahara, the largest hot desert in the world, covers 3.3 million square miles and is located in the northern part of Africa. The Kalahari Desert, located in southern Africa, covers 362,500 square miles. The Namib Desert, the world's oldest desert, is found in the southwestern portion of the continent and covers 100,000 square miles.
Savanna, or grasslands, covers 5 million square miles of Africa, or almost half the continent, and is located mainly in central Africa. While many people associate Africa with rain forests, the majority of those areas have been cut and burned to make way for agriculture and development, and they only cover a small percentage of Africa.Learn more about Africa
Mountains in Africa include Mount Kilimanjaro, the Atlas Mountains, Mount Kenya, Mount Meru, the Simien Mountains, Mount Elgon and The Drakensberg. The High Atlas Mountains are located in central Morocco, while the Simien Mountains in Ethiopia are home to a UNESCO World Heritage site. Additional mountain ranges in Africa include the Ahaggar Mountains, the Ahmar mountains, Mount Cameroon, Mount Nimba and the Tibesti Mountains.Full Answer >
There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Full Answer >
Some of the major landforms in Africa include the Kaapvaal craton and Cape Floral in South Africa, Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Sahara Desert, Congo River Basin, Nile River System and the Great Rift Valley. Africa is the second largest continent, in terms of size and population.Full Answer >
Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.Full Answer >