More than 25 percent of Africa is desert. The Sahara Desert, the Kalahari Desert and the Namib Desert are the main deserts found in Africa.Know More
The Sahara, the largest hot desert in the world, covers 3.3 million square miles and is located in the northern part of Africa. The Kalahari Desert, located in southern Africa, covers 362,500 square miles. The Namib Desert, the world's oldest desert, is found in the southwestern portion of the continent and covers 100,000 square miles.
Savanna, or grasslands, covers 5 million square miles of Africa, or almost half the continent, and is located mainly in central Africa. While many people associate Africa with rain forests, the majority of those areas have been cut and burned to make way for agriculture and development, and they only cover a small percentage of Africa.Learn more in Africa
Mountains in Africa include Mount Kilimanjaro, the Atlas Mountains, Mount Kenya, Mount Meru, the Simien Mountains, Mount Elgon and The Drakensberg. The High Atlas Mountains are located in central Morocco, while the Simien Mountains in Ethiopia are home to a UNESCO World Heritage site. Additional mountain ranges in Africa include the Ahaggar Mountains, the Ahmar mountains, Mount Cameroon, Mount Nimba and the Tibesti Mountains.Full Answer >
Portions of the large continent of Africa sit in each of the four hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western. While most of the continents are spread across more than one hemisphere, Africa is the only one to encompass all four.Full Answer >
Some of the major landforms in Africa include the Kaapvaal craton and Cape Floral in South Africa, Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Sahara Desert, Congo River Basin, Nile River System and the Great Rift Valley. Africa is the second largest continent, in terms of size and population.Full Answer >
South Africa is famous for its former president, Nelson Mandela, Kruger National Park and a variety of gem stones and minerals. Approximately 50 percent of the world's gold reserves are located in South Africa. The country is also the third largest exporter of coal in the world, in addition to being one of the world's leading producers of diamonds. This includes the rare 25.5 carat blue diamond discovered in 2014.Full Answer >