The Persian Gulf is located in the heart of the Middle East. It borders Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates and Oman.
The Strait of Hormuz connects the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Sea, which is the northwest portion of the Indian Ocean.
The Persian Gulf has and continues to be of political significance since it is the primary body of water and means of transport for the oil-producing nations that it borders. The Persian Gulf region is thought to contain approximately 50 percent of the worlds oil reserves.