The national flower of Peru is the cantuta, also known as the "Inca Magic Flower." The flower is native to Peru and Bolivia, and is found at elevations of 3,900 to 12,400 feet in the Andes Mountain region.
The flower may be white, yellow, pink or red in color. It is elongated and bell-shaped, with the bushy plant on which the flower is found reaching heights of 6.5 to 10 feet. The cantuta was a popular ceremonial flower during the Incan Empire and is still commonly used in Peruvian funerals. Natives also claim that the stem and leaves have strong medicinal properties in treating cough, jaundice and inflammation of the eyes.Learn More
According to the World Heritage Convention, the Galapagos Islands area is located about 621 miles off the coast of Ecuador in the Pacific Ocean. The archipelago is made up of 19 islands situated in the confluence of three different ocean currents, which creates one of the richest marine ecosystems in the world. The unique plant and animal life of the Galapagos area influenced Charles Darwin's theory of evolution.Full Answer >
While there are variations, most of South America has a hot and wet climate for much of the year. The continent is situated relatively close to below the equator.Full Answer >
The major geographical features of Colombia include the Magdalena River, Cauca River, Amazon River, Orinoco River, Santa Marta Mountains and the Andean mountain range, which is divided into three regions, namely the Cordillera Occidental, Cordillera Oriental and the Cordillera Central. The capital city of Bogota sits on an elevated plateau in the northern area of the Andes Peaks.Full Answer >
Ecuador is known for its rich biodiversity, tropical habitats and friendly culture. The warm climate makes it a common destination for travelers because it is easily explored at any time of year. Located in South America, Ecuador has a varied geography with rain forests, mountains and beaches.Full Answer >