The majority of Egypt's landmass is a flat and featureless desert which supports only minimal vegetation. In the upper eastern corner of the North African country, the mountainous Sinai Peninsula borders Israel and is separated from the rest of the African landmass by the Suez Canal. Egypt is a transcontinental country in which the Isthmus of Suez serves as a land bridge between the continents of Africa and Asia.Know More
One of Egypt's defining characteristics is the Nile River and its delta. Without the benefit of the Nile River's waters, Egypt might have become as empty as the other regions of North Africa covered by the Sahara Desert. The Nile is flanked by floodplains that widen as the river flows north to the Mediterranean Sea, eventually fanning out to form the Nile Delta north of Cairo, the nation's capital. Due to the arid condition of the rest of the country, the population centers are around the narrow Nile Valley and the Nile Delta, with 99 percent of the population using only about 5.5 percent of the country's territory.
The Giza Necropolis is Egypt's most iconic man-made physical characteristic, with its pyramids and the Great Sphinx representing a huge tourist attraction. A much more recent man-made physical feature is the Suez Canal, which is considered the most important component of Middle Eastern maritime transport. Opened to shipping in 1869 after 10 years of construction work, Egypt's artificial waterway traversing the Isthmus of Suez connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea. The Suez Canal enables ship transport between Europe and Asia to take place without a need to navigate around Africa.Learn more about Africa
Ghana's topography is mainly divided into four physical regions: coastal plain, coastline, forest belt and dry savanna. The country's landscape is predominantly made up of low-lying plains with a severely eroded upland area in south-central Ghana. Two of the most prominent lakes in Ghana are Lake Bosumtwi and Lake Volta, which is the world's largest man-made lake.Full Answer >
Nigeria, located in West Africa, is very humid and is filled with forests, valleys and plains. Nigeria is home to the Niger and Benue rivers.Full Answer >
Africa is the second-largest continent. Its landmass borders the Mediterranean Sea to the north and extends 4,500 miles south to the Cape of Good Hope. Africa's major geographical regions from north to south include the Atlas Mountains near the Mediterranean Sea, the Sahara Desert, the semiarid Sahel, the equatorial rainforest of the Congo Basin, the Great Rift Valley, the Kalahari Desert and the southern African plateau.Full Answer >
Mauritania is a country in West Africa bordered by the Atlantic Ocean and the countries of Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali and Senegal. Most of Mauritania is desert, with alternating areas of plains and sand dunes. The southeast area of the country contains some brush and savannah regions along with small amounts of tropical forest.Full Answer >