Greece contains numerous physical features, including mountains, lowlands, plains and coastal areas. Beaches, rivers and large tracts of open land cover the surface of Greece as do forests and lakes. Greece divides into three distinct geographical areas, and its islands contain differing topography and even climates, hosting various species of trees, plants and animals.Know More
Greece takes the title of the southernmost European country and the European nation with the longest coastline. It shares borders with the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Greece contains a mainland, several outlying islands and a peninsula. The mainland contains tall, rugged mountains including the world-famous Mount Olympus.
Mount Olympus distinguishes itself as the highest mountain in Greece, reaching a height slightly less than 10,000 feet. This mountain appears in Greek mythology, reportedly once serving as home to Greek gods. Mount Olympus also contains Greece's first national park, providing home to some endangered species of plants and wildlife.
Marine parks lie along Greece's coastlines, protecting endangered species of fish, marine mammals and even migratory birds. Hardy shrubs grow throughout Greece, existing as small, thorny bushes resilient to dry, arid climates. Some herbs and plants grow in Greece as well, including oregano, thyme and rosemary. Rounding out Greece's diverse topography are canyons, gorges, lakes, plains and wetlands.Learn more about Greece
The capital of Greece is Athens. It is also the country's largest city, as well as one of the oldest cities in the world. Athens is sometimes referred to as the "historical capital of Europe."Full Answer >
Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. The two main seasons of the Mediterranean climate are a rainy and mild winter that lasts from October to March and a warm, dry summer that lasts from April to September. There are typically long periods of sunshine throughout the year.Full Answer >
Many types of animals call Greece home, including mammals such as lynx, wolves, roe deer, wildcats, jackals and chamois, golden eagles, herons and other birds, and a variety of insects and reptiles. Greece, like many nations in the world, has year-round wildlife and seasonal visitors. Migratory birds and marine animals come to Greece during the spring and fall migration seasons from Europe and Africa.Full Answer >
The national animal of Greece is the dolphin, which is associated with the Greek god Delphinus. Greece's national bird is the mythical phoenix; its national flower is the violet; and the national tree is the olive tree.Full Answer >