Q:

What are the physical features of Greece?

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Quick Answer

Greece contains numerous physical features, including mountains, lowlands, plains and coastal areas. Beaches, rivers and large tracts of open land cover the surface of Greece as do forests and lakes. Greece divides into three distinct geographical areas, and its islands contain differing topography and even climates, hosting various species of trees, plants and animals.

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Full Answer

Greece takes the title of the southernmost European country and the European nation with the longest coastline. It shares borders with the Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Greece contains a mainland, several outlying islands and a peninsula. The mainland contains tall, rugged mountains including the world-famous Mount Olympus.

Mount Olympus distinguishes itself as the highest mountain in Greece, reaching a height slightly less than 10,000 feet. This mountain appears in Greek mythology, reportedly once serving as home to Greek gods. Mount Olympus also contains Greece's first national park, providing home to some endangered species of plants and wildlife.

Marine parks lie along Greece's coastlines, protecting endangered species of fish, marine mammals and even migratory birds. Hardy shrubs grow throughout Greece, existing as small, thorny bushes resilient to dry, arid climates. Some herbs and plants grow in Greece as well, including oregano, thyme and rosemary. Rounding out Greece's diverse topography are canyons, gorges, lakes, plains and wetlands.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where is Greece located?

    A:

    Greece is located in Southeastern Europe, and it is in relatively close proximity to North Africa and the western part of Asia. It shares land borders with Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey. Greece is a peninsula with more than 1,000 islands; less than 230 of these islands are inhabited.

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  • Q:

    What is the capital of Greece?

    A:

    The capital of Greece is Athens. It is also the country's largest city, as well as one of the oldest cities in the world. Athens is sometimes referred to as the "historical capital of Europe."

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  • Q:

    Where is Greece?

    A:

    The country of Greece is located in south-central Europe and to the east of Italy. It is bordered by Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north and juts out into the Mediterranean Sea.

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  • Q:

    What is the national animal of Greece?

    A:

    The national animal of Greece is the dolphin, which is associated with the Greek god Delphinus. Greece's national bird is the mythical phoenix; its national flower is the violet; and the national tree is the olive tree.

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