Poland is famous for being the home of scientist Marie Curie, composer Frederic Chopin and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus. Three of the most famous Nazi concentration camps were also located in Poland: Belzec, Treblinka and Auschwitz-Birkenau.Know More
Several Nobel Prize winners also came from Poland. One of them was Lech Walesa, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983. The country has had multiple winners in the literature category, with Henryk Sienkiewicz winning the award in 1905 and Wislawa Szymborska winning in 1996. The 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Andrew V. Schally. Schally was born in Poland, but the place where he was born was part of Belarus as of 2014.
Nicolaus Copernicus was somewhat of a jack of all trades. In addition to his work as an astronomer, he was also a mathematician, physician, translator, economist and governor. Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize for two different scientific disciplines and taught at the University of Paris. Chopin died before the age of 40, but he composed hundreds of pieces during his short life. He is known as Poland's greatest composer, according to Anouk Lorie of CNN.
Auschwitz-Birkenau was one of the major extermination centers used by the Nazi party. This camp also served as a labor camp. Prisoners dug trenches, carried sand bags, bore tunnels and extracted stones from the ground. Approximately 3.5 million Jews died in Poland's six extermination centers, according to the United States Holocaust Museum. Soviet prisoners of war and Roma people were also kept in these camps.Learn more about Europe
Though she was a native of Poland, Marie Curie, born Maria Sklodowska, did much of her groundbreaking work in the laboratory at the Municipal School of Industrial Physics and Chemistry in Paris, France. She also did work at the Sorbonne and the University of Paris.Full Answer >
The countries in the Eastern Bloc were Poland, East German, Czechoslovakia, Hungry, Romania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia. The Eastern Bloc was a group of countries in central and eastern Europe that were dominated by the USSR from the end of World War II until the collapse of the Soviet communist system.Full Answer >
The Czech Republic is bordered by Germany to its north and west, Poland to its northeast, Slovakia to its east and Austria to its south. The Czech Republic is a landlocked country located in Central Europe. Its capital city is Prague.Full Answer >
Poland's primary exports include machinery and equipment, textiles and shoes, metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals and agricultural products. Poland imports mostly capital goods needed for manufacturing and industrial retooling, such as machinery and equipment, fuels and minerals, chemicals and metals.Full Answer >