As of 2014, the population of Rome is 2,863,322 within the city itself and approximately 3.3 million in the greater urban area. The population of Rome's metropolitan area is 4.2 million. Rome is the capital of Italy.
Rome is one of the oldest occupied cities in Europe and is nicknamed the "Eternal City." It was founded in 753 B.C., according to legend by the twins Romulus and Remus. The city has seen both an increase and decrease in population during its existence. Rome had more than 2.8 million people in the 1980s, but the number began to decline as people moved into the suburban areas. Italians comprise about 90.5 percent of the population, other European nationalities make up about 4.7 percent and non-Europeans are about 4.8 percent of the population.