South America has three physical regions: coastal plains, river basins, and mountains and highlands. Each of these regions contains unique biomes, with the coastal plains containing desert biomes, the river basins containing tropical rain forest and grassland biomes, and the mountains containing alpine biomes.Know More
Low flat areas along the coast, or coastal plains, can be found in South America where the Atlantic Ocean meets the northeastern coast of Brazil and where the Pacific Ocean meets the western coasts of Peru and Chile. Both areas of coastal plains are extremely arid, with the western coastal plains housing the driest region in the world, the Atacama Desert.
South America has three significant river basins belonging to the Amazon, Orinoco and the Paraguay and Parana river systems. The Amazon basin, the largest river basin in the world, covers most of northern South America. The Orinoco River originates in Guiana and empties into the Atlantic Ocean in Venezuela. This basin covers 80 and 20 percent of Venezuela and Colombia, respectively. The basin of the Paraguay/Parana River system extends into Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay and Argentina.
The Andes, the longest mountain system in the world, stretches from the north coast to the southern tip of South America. Most of the continent's mountains and highlands are part of this system. Two smaller, unconnected highland areas, the Brazilian Highlands and the Guiana Highlands, are located to the south of the Amazon river and between the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers, respectively.Learn more about South America
The three subregions of Latin America are South America, Central America and the Caribbean. Geographically, there are many river basins, mountains and coastal plains. Other major geographic landmarks include the Andes Mountains and the Amazon River Basin.Full Answer >
As of 2014, Suriname is the smallest country in South America. Suriname is located in northern South America, between French Guiana and Guyana. Suriname comprises an area over 63,000 square miles, making it a little larger than the U.S. state of Georgia. Suriname is bordered by the North Atlantic Ocean.Full Answer >
The longest river in South America is the Amazon River at a total length of 4,049 miles. Only the Nile River in Africa is longer at a total of 4,160 miles. However, the Amazon River's discharge of over 7.3 million cubic feet per second is greater than the Nile's discharge.Full Answer >
While there are variations, most of South America has a hot and wet climate for much of the year. The continent is situated relatively close to below the equator.Full Answer >