Mount Hekla is an active stratovolcano located in Iceland; and, its unique shape resembles an upside-down boat. A series of fissures runs across its 3.4 mile-long ridge, and are thought to resemble the boat's keel.Know More
According to NAT travel guides, the Hekla volcano has erupted dozens of times in recorded history. The most recent eruption occurring in 2000. In that eruption, a steam column rose to a height of 15 kilometers, and a pyroclastic flow of molten lava extended approximately 5 kilometers from the crater.
During the Middle Ages, Mount Hekla was known throughout Europe as one of two entrances to hell; the other was Stromboli, an active volcano off the coast of Southern Italy.Learn more in Europe
The people who reside in Iceland are referred to as Icelanders. Iceland was discovered in the mid-ninth century by Scandinavian sailors. Today, the population of Iceland is 317,351.Full Answer >
Geologically, Iceland is part of the Mid-Atlantic ridge and sits on two tectonic plates with America to the west and Europe to the east, making it part of both the North American and European continents. Politically, however, Iceland is part of Europe.Full Answer >
The countries considered to comprise northern Europe are: Iceland, Ireland, the United Kingdom, the Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Iceland, the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Faroe Islands are separate island nations that are located on the western side of northern Europe. Norway, Sweden and Finland are the geographically largest northern European nations and border each other between the Norwegian Sea and mainland Russia.Full Answer >
Scientists believe that a pocket of magma located beneath Iceland was the creating force behind the formation of Iceland itself. They theorize that hot lava from the magma pocket rose to the ocean's surface, cooled and then slowly accumulated to form an island, and eventually, Iceland.Full Answer >