Mount Hekla is an active stratovolcano located in Iceland; and, its unique shape resembles an upside-down boat. A series of fissures runs across its 3.4 mile-long ridge, and are thought to resemble the boat's keel.Know More
According to NAT travel guides, the Hekla volcano has erupted dozens of times in recorded history. The most recent eruption occurring in 2000. In that eruption, a steam column rose to a height of 15 kilometers, and a pyroclastic flow of molten lava extended approximately 5 kilometers from the crater.
During the Middle Ages, Mount Hekla was known throughout Europe as one of two entrances to hell; the other was Stromboli, an active volcano off the coast of Southern Italy.Learn more about Europe
As of April 2015, there are trees in Iceland due to a reforestation program; the past centuries saw few trees in Iceland due to volcanic eruptions and removal of forests to create land for sheep to graze. The Iceland Forest Service was established in 1908 to help reforest the country by planting new trees. The country has one forest, Hallormsstadarskogur, located in East Iceland.Full Answer >
Though its name might seem to indicate otherwise, Iceland is not completely covered with ice. This island nation is the site of a significant amount of geothermal and volcanic activity, and there are many hot springs and otherwise non-frozen water sources on the island.Full Answer >
The countries considered to comprise northern Europe are: Iceland, Ireland, the United Kingdom, the Faroe Islands, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania. Iceland, the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Faroe Islands are separate island nations that are located on the western side of northern Europe. Norway, Sweden and Finland are the geographically largest northern European nations and border each other between the Norwegian Sea and mainland Russia.Full Answer >
Many animals live in Iceland, including puffins, Arctic foxes, Icelandic horses, sheep, cattle, reindeer, Icelandic sheepdog and rabbits. Many of the domestic animals were brought into Iceland by settlers to the country. Due to the country's isolation, these animals have remained unchanged.Full Answer >