The symbol on a map that indicates direction is known as the compass rose. The most basic compass rose in cartography is a single arrow that shows the northern direction. Others have four points showing north, south, east and west. Some have eight or 16 points, showing detailed directions.
While modern map convention matches the top of the map with the northern direction, other direction orientations are also used. English-language maps tend to focus their orientation on North America and Europe. Depending on the projection, such maps can even skew the prominence of those continents and minimize the size of others. The south-up map puts Australia, Africa or South America as the focus.Learn More
Famous landforms around the world include the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, Niagara Falls, Mount Everest, the Dead Sea and the Uluru. Mount Everest has the highest elevation on Earth, towering at 29,029 feet above sea level, while the Dead Sea has the world's lowest elevation, at minus 1,391 feet below the sea level.Full Answer >
It is impossible to give an exact figure regarding the number of mountains in the world. There are hundreds of mountains on land and under the sea. There are very few mountain ranges that are very tall and that have a permanent snow cover. The Alps in Europe, the Himalayas in Asia, the Andes in South America and the Rockies and Appalachian mountains in North America are well-known mountain ranges.Full Answer >
A physical region is a part of the world that is defined as having a similar grouping of characteristics in terms of flora, fauna or distinguishing characteristics. Every country is broken up into smaller physical regions that are specific to those areas. A physical region is also referred to as a natural region.Full Answer >
The space between contour lines on a topographical map is a contour interval. The contour interval is an even space that represents an increase in elevation. For instance, if the map uses a 20-foot interval, there are contour lines at zero, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 feet.Full Answer >