There is no actual date of discovery for Spain. However, recorded history shows the country was first settled by various groups before it was incorporated into the Roman Empire around 206 B.C.E.Know More
Spain is a southwestern European nation that is surrounded by the North Atlantic Ocean, Bay of Biscay, Mediterranean Sea and Pyrenees Mountains. Situated just southwest of France, Spain comprises 85 percent of the Iberian Peninsula, while the rest is occupied by its nearest neighbor Portugal.
Throughout Spain's existence, this once renowned super power has been repeatedly conquered and settled by foreign invaders. The first to arrive was a group from Libya who entered Spain via a southern route. These early Iberians intermingled with the Celts who came next, forming a new multiracial group called the Celtiberians. This new race separated into various tribes and diffused throughout the peninsula.
Other groups of peoples founded settlements in Spain, including the Basques, Phoenicians, Greeks and Carthaginians. With the defeat of the Carthaginians during the Second Punic War, the ancient Romans took possession of Spain under Scipio Africanus. Around 412 C.E., the Visigoths controlled the country until a medieval Muslim group led by Tariq routed the barbarians in 711. Reconquest efforts by a predominantly Catholic faction resulted in the culmination of Islamic rule in Spain with the fall of Granada in 1492. The union of Ferdinand II and Isabella I paved the way for present-day Spain.Learn more about Europe
The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport mandates that children in Spain between the ages of 6 and 16 must go to school. All students receive vocational training, and they can enroll in special arts and language-learning programs. Spain also adapts programs for students who have special needs.Full Answer >
The highest mountain in Spain is Mulhacén in the Sierra Nevada. At 11,411 feet, it's the highest mountain on the Iberian Peninsula. The highest mountain on a Spanish territory is Pico de Teide, on Tenerife in the Canary Islands. This mountain is 12,198 feet high.Full Answer >
People from Spain are commonly called Spanish or Spaniards. Spain, Spanish and Spaniard all derive from the Latin word "Hispania," a term Romans used to describe the Iberian peninsula. There have been human settlements in the Iberian peninsula since the Neolithic era, as early as 30,000 to 40,000 years ago.Full Answer >
Major landforms in Spain include the Meseta Plateau, which covers 45 percent of the country, the Andalusian Plain in the southeast, the Pyrenees Mountains that define the border between Spain and France, and the Ebro River Basin in the northeast. Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula.Full Answer >