Q:

What is Stonehenge made of?

A:

Quick Answer

Stonehenge is a famous historical site that features stone circles made primarily of sandstone and bluestones. Each arc of the circle was created by stacking massive stones on top of each other.

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Full Answer

Stonehenge dates back to prehistoric times, and is located in England. The circle is so well-known because of the little background that is known about it. The civilization that built it is no longer around, and construction techniques to move around heavy stones were not thought to be invented until much later. Finally, while many theories have been proposed, no one knows what the purpose (if any) of Stonehenge actually is.

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  • Q:

    What countries make up continental Europe?

    A:

    Continental Europe is made up of every country in Europe except the Channel Islands, Iceland, Ireland, the UK and the Isle of Man. In Europe, continental Europe is often referred to as mainland Europe.

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  • Q:

    Who discovered Stonehenge?

    A:

    Nobody "discovered" Stonehenge; since its construction, the existence of the monument is likely to have been known. The earliest written references to it are found in "Historia Anglorum" by Henry Huntington and "History of the Kings of Britain" by Geoffrey of Monmouth, both written in the 12th century.

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  • Q:

    How hard is sandstone?

    A:

    Sandstone is hard and strong enough to be used regularly in cut stone construction, but its compressive and tensile strengths vary depending on the grade of the sandstone and the type of force or pressure applied. It is also used regularly in road building in crushed form.

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  • Q:

    What type of rock is Stonehenge made of?

    A:

    Although at least 20 types of rocks have been identified at the site, Stonehenge is made from two primary types of stone: sarsen sandstone and bluestone, with the stones forming the external wall of the circle in Stonehenge being made from the former. Sarsen sandstone is around 60 million years old and is essentially silicified sandstone that is much like the sandstone that is found about 19 miles to the north of the world-famous monument.

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