Students study geography to learn the function of basic physical systems such as the Earth, sun, moon, wind currents and water cycles. Studying geography also teaches the physical locations and placements of territories on maps and within surrounding communities and helps students identify distances and spatial relationships of the land.Know More
Geography teaches the processes of physical and human systems and shows how they have changed the surface of the Earth in the past and present. Learning about geography also helps students learn how to make decisions that affect the environment, the surface of the Earth, and the need for global interdependence among countries throughout the world.
The study of general geography aids students in understanding global warming and climate problems, water resource issues, and political policies and decisions that affect the planet. Studies of geography also help students understand the culture of specific regions, such as the contributions of the landscape of the land, traditional food, customs, language and religion.
From a historical standpoint, geography can teach people how customs have changed throughout the years and predict how the land will be used in the future. Educators claim that the study of geography helps students become educated global citizens because it provides an understanding of how humans and industrial practices impact the planet.Learn more in Maps & Cartography
The geographic grid is a system designed to pinpoint any location on Earth by laying a vertical and horizontal grid over the Earth's layout. The vertical lines are called the longitude and the horizontal lines are the latitude. The intersection of these two points determines any exact location.Full Answer >
The four hemispheres of the Earth are the Eastern, Western, Northern and Southern hemispheres. The Equator, or 0 degrees latitude, divides the Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres. At 0 degrees longitude, the Prime Meridian divides Earth into the Eastern and Western hemispheres.Full Answer >
Absolute location is the exact location on Earth of a specific place. Longitude and latitude are often used to describe the specific location of a person, place or thing.Full Answer >
A globe is more accurate than a flat map because it mimics the true shape of the Earth and is able to accurately portray continent shapes and distance between landmasses. A map, which attempts to create a flat rendering of a round planet, distorts continent shapes and sizes.Full Answer >