Kilimanjaro is the tallest mountain in Africa. It is located in Tanzania in east Africa and has an elevation of 19,340 feet. The mountain formed millions of years ago as a result of volcanic activity.Know More
There are three volcanic cones on Kilimanjaro: Kibo, Shira and Mawenzi. Kibo is the only volcano cone that could erupt again. As of 2014, the last eruption occurred over 360,000 years ago, but there has been activity in the last two centuries.
A portion of Kilimanjaro is covered by glaciers. They have been rapidly melting due to global warming. Local drinking water and crop irrigation are impacted as the ice disappears.Learn more about Africa
At 29,035 feet above sea level, Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world as of 2014. Everest is part of the Himalayas and sits along the border of Nepal and Tibet.Full Answer >
Some of the major landforms in Africa include the Kaapvaal craton and Cape Floral in South Africa, Atlas Mountains, Ethiopian Highlands, Mount Kilimanjaro, Mount Kenya, Sahara Desert, Congo River Basin, Nile River System and the Great Rift Valley. Africa is the second largest continent, in terms of size and population.Full Answer >
Africa is a huge continent with a wide variety of landscapes and climates, from the dry, hot desert climate found in the northern countries in the Sahara desert to the tropical rainforests toward the center of the continent and the subarctic climates found in mountainous regions in southern Africa. There is not a single, dominant climate throughout the African continent, with different geological features such as lowlands or mountain ranges impacting climate differently in different places. However, much of Africa is dominated by the massive Sahara desert, and the continent is home to a huge proportion of the planet's arid lands.Full Answer >
There are eight major geographical regions in Africa that influence its landscape. These include the Sahara Desert, the savanna, the Sahel, the African Great Lakes, the Swahili Coast, South Africa and the rain forest. The landscape, climate and biodiversity from one region to another varies greatly. Most of the continent consists of expansive plateaus ending in steep escarpments.Full Answer >