The temperature of the Labrador ocean current off Canada's East Coast is below 32 F. The Gulf Stream, the ocean current that originates in the Gulf of Mexico and lies further east than the Labrador current, is a western boundary current and is very warm.
The Labrador current comes from the Arctic and heads southward along the East Coast of North America. One part of the Labrador current goes into the Gulf of St. Lawrence, giving that geographic region a distinctly Arctic climate. A much larger and slightly warmer part of the Labrador current flows southwest around Nova Scotia, mixing with the Nova Scotia current and the Cape Bretton current. The Labrador current doesn't flow further than the continental shelf of Canada´s East Coast.
The Gulf Stream current gathers strength and heat in the Gulf of Mexico as it whips around it and shoots northeast around Florida. It follows a path along the East Coasts of the United States and Canada, although the current lies much further east in relation to Canada than the United States. This current is large enough to affect the climate in the southeast United States and in Western Europe. It is believed that the Gulf Stream keeps the countries of Ireland and Great Britain warmer and more hospitable than they would otherwise be.Learn More
According to the International Boundary and Water Commission, the Rio Grande River starts in the San Juan Mountains in Colorado and continues 1,901 miles to the Gulf of Mexico. It is among the 20 longest rivers in the world and is the fifth-longest in the United States.Full Answer >
Mexico is a country with a diverse range of landforms, from the Sierra Madre Occidental mountain range, which stretches from the northern part of the country to the south, to the Gulf Coastal Plain, which lays eastward of the Sierra Madre Occidental range on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. Mexico is home to Copper Canyon, the deepest canyon in North America, a string of active volcanoes, the Baja and Yucatan Peninsulas, more than 100 rivers and the Central Mexican Plateau, which dominates northern and central Mexico. Bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Gulf of Mexico to the east, Mexico has thousands of miles of coastlines as well.Full Answer >
Alonso Alvrarez de Pineda was a Spanish explorer commissioned by the government to explore the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, according to the Nueces County Historical Commission. He was tasked to find a way to travel by water from the Gulf to the Orient.Full Answer >
Deep ocean currents are caused by density differences in the water, which are typically due to variations in salinity and temperature. Deep ocean currents are those found below 1,312 feet (400 meters). They are also known as thermohaline circulation and make up approximately 90 percent of the ocean.Full Answer >