Q:

What are the three oceans that border Antarctica?

A:

Quick Answer

Antarctica is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. The International Hydrographic Organization created the Southern Ocean from parts of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic Oceans in 2000. The Southern Ocean is the fourth largest ocean in the world, surpassing the Arctic Ocean.

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What are the three oceans that border Antarctica?
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Full Answer

The Southern Ocean travels north about 60 miles from Antarctica's coastline to 60 degrees south latitude. It comprises a surface area of about 7.8 million square miles and reaches a maximum depth of 23,737 feet below sea level in the South Sandwich Trench. This ocean has a temperature that ranges from 28 degrees Fahrenheit to 50 degrees Fahrenheit. The Southern Ocean has the world's largest ocean current, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Who first discovered Antarctica?

    A:

    The first explorer to gather evidence of Antarctica's existence was Captain James Cook between 1772 and 1775. It was not until subsequent expeditions (1819-1820) by William Smith and James Bransfield that the shore was sighted. It was another year before the American Captain John Davis actually landed on the continent.

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  • Q:

    What is the climate like in Antarctica?

    A:

    The climate in Antarctica is extremely cold with very little precipitation. The coldest ever temperature to be recorded on Earth was -128.56 degrees Fahrenheit in Antarctica at Vostok Station.

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  • Q:

    What is the population of Antarctica?

    A:

    Although Antarctica has no permanent residents, the population of scientists and support staff working in its research installations was estimated at 4,000 for the summer season and 1,000 for the winter season in 2005. Twenty-six countries helm Antarctic research stations.

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  • Q:

    Does Antarctica have any cities or towns?

    A:

    Antarctica has no cities or towns. The people who live there reside in scientific bases that resemble oil rigs or military bases instead of traditional towns. The closest resemblance to towns are the Chilean Villa Las Estrellas and the Argentinean Esperanza.

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