Major cities along the Nile River include Cairo, Alexandria, Aswan, Luxor and Abu Simbel in Egypt and Khartoum, Sudan. Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city on the African continent. Alexandria is on the delta of the Nile River along the Mediterranean Sea. Aswan harbors the Aswan High Dam, which protects northern Egypt from flooding. Luxor is a historical site where pharaohs were buried.Know More
Cairo is near the delta and several ancient Egyptian cities. The pyramids of Giza are near Cairo, along with the Great Sphinx and the ancient city of Memphis. Alexandria is a tourist destination along the Mediterranean coast at the delta of the river. The second-largest city in Egypt housed an ancient lighthouse and a library, both of which were destroyed by a massive earthquake.
Aswan sits on Lake Nasser, the body of water formed after the Nile River was dammed. The southern part of the lake contains the ancient city of Abu Simbel. Cruises along the Nile River pass through many ancient sites and several locks that control water flow.
The Nile River gets its name from the Greek word "nelios," which means "river valley." The ancient Egyptians called the river "Ar," meaning "black," because of the black silt left behind after the Nile floods every year. The river was vital to the economy and agriculture of ancient Egyptian civilization.Learn more about Maps & Cartography
The countries that the Nile River runs through include Egypt, Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Uganda and Ethiopia. The Nile River begins at Lake Victoria in Uganda and ends at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Its mouth leads to the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Egypt.Full Answer >
Major cities in Chile include Santiago, Valparaiso, Antofagasta, Puente Alto, Vina del Mar, Temuco, San Bernardo, Rancagua, Arica and Concepcion. While Santiago is designated as the capital city of Chile, the seat of the government's legislative branch is located in Valparaiso.Full Answer >
Cities located near or directly on the equator include Quito, Ecuador; Macapa, Brazil; Pontianak, Indonesia; and the Kenyan towns of Siriba and Nanyuki. In total, the equator passes directly through 13 countries, including Colombia, São Tomé, Gabon, Somalia and Maldives.Full Answer >
A river delta is a wetland that forms at the mouth of a river and flows into another body of water. Deltas are formed by sediment flowing downstream, creating a deltaic lobe. The silt, or finer sediment, continues to flow downstream and accumulates beyond the river's mouth, forming a delta.Full Answer >