Turkey is famous for its unique cuisine, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque and the city of Istanbul. Turkish cuisine is known for its use of spices, rice, vegetable stew and eggplant.
The Sultan Ahmed mosque is popularly called the “Blue Mosque.” It was built by the Ottoman King Sultan Ahmed in 1609, with construction lasting for seven years.
The city of Istanbul is called the gateway to Europe. Istanbul, formerly known as Constantinople, was the seat of power of the Byzantine Roman Empire. It sits between two continents with a bridge connecting the Asian and European halves of the city. The part of Turkey that lies in Asia is referred to as Anatolia, or Asia Minor. The legendary city of Troy is thought to have been in Turkey.Learn More
The Fertile Crescent is made up of sections of Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Jordan, Cyprus, Israel, Palestine, Egypt and a small portion of Iran. Before the countries gained their modern names, the central area was referred to as Mesopotamia, which is also called the cradle of civilization. The northern portion of the crescent was called Assyria, the far eastern end was called Elam, the western side was known as Phoenicia and the southernmost section was located around Egypt.Full Answer >
The Black Sea in southeastern Europe is bordered by Ukraine to the north, Russia and Georgia to the east, Turkey to the south and Romania and Bulgaria to the west. This 168,500-square-mile inland sea separates Eastern Europe from Western Asia, and is one of the four bodies of water that are named after English terms for common colors. There are more than 10 islands situated within the Black Sea.Full Answer >
The Gallipoli Peninsula is situated between Dardanelles and the Gulf of Saros in the northwestern coast of Turkey. It was the famous site of the World War I Allied naval campaign against the Ottoman Empire to seize control of the Dardanelles Strait and gain access to Russia.Full Answer >
Turkey is bordered by the Black Sea on the north, the Mediterranean Sea on the south and the Aegean Sea on the west. The bulk of the country lies on the semiarid Anatolian Plateau. Turkey contains mountains, rolling hills and fertile valleys.Full Answer >