Two different modern methods of map making include compilations of already existing material, and satellite or other aerial imaging. Compilation maps often try to capture a larger picture and must omit smaller details, largely due to discrepancies between existing material, while satellites and aerial imaging can focus on the minute details because they are original map creations.Know More
Compilation maps go through extensive selection processes for selecting material, creating both problems when there are discrepancies, as well as insight into changing geographies or perceptions. This method has the benefit, however, of being able to use maps with many different purposes to draw a larger picture. For example, soil maps, geologic maps and other thematic maps can all be compared to develop a final product.
Maps created from aerial imaging and satellites encounter other problems, such as a ridge of a mountain being seen in more detail on one side than another. If the terrain is too steep, one side of a mountain may not be seen at all. This problem is rectified by either compiling many aerial or satellite images, or comparing with already existing maps. However, technology for map making is constantly advancing, minimizing the possibility of error. A person who creates maps in this way is called a photogrammetrist.Learn more in Maps & Cartography
A topographic map is a highly detailed illustration that shows all the relief features of the Earth's surface in three dimensions. In topographic maps, contour lines are employed to show the changes in elevation on the surface of the Earth.Full Answer >
A flat map is a projection of Earth's surface onto a two-dimensional plane, according to NationalAtlas.gov. Because Earth's surface curves, any projection onto a flat map creates distortions. A globe is the most accurate depiction of Earth, but impractical for most uses, whereas a flat rendering is useful but not as accurate. A flat map can be printed on paper or digitally rendered on a computer screen.Full Answer >
A map legend is a table or chart included on a map to indicate the meaning of the map's varied symbols. This can be also be called the map's key.Full Answer >
Generalized maps are specifically designed to convey several types of information within the confines of one map. A generalized map usually includes details like topography and actual aesthetics of the portrayed area, producing a map that is closer to a mirrored image than a strict representation to scale.Full Answer >