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What type of biome is Antarctica?

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Quick Answer

Tundra is the primary biome of Antarctica. The tundra biome is characterized by extreme cold and a lack of vegetation, which is mostly reduced to dwarf shrubs, grasses, mosses and lichens. Tundra is also distinguished by low biodiversity, as almost no amphibians or reptiles can survive its temperatures.

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What type of biome is Antarctica?
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Only two types of flowering plants can be found on Antarctica: the Antarctic hair grass and the Antarctic pearlwort. The Antarctic tundra has no large mammals in part due to its isolation. Sea birds and sea mammals compose most of the recognizable fauna of Antarctica. Human introduction of cats and rabbits has allowed some of the warmer islands to support these populations.

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    Who owns Antarctica?

    A:

    Antarctica is not owned by any country, per the Antarctic Treaty. Before the Antarctic Treaty was signed, seven countries claimed parts of the continent, including Australia, the United Kingdom, Chile, Argentina, Norway, France and New Zealand. The treaty recognizes none of these claims.

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    What is the population of Antarctica?

    A:

    Although Antarctica has no permanent residents, the population of scientists and support staff working in its research installations was estimated at 4,000 for the summer season and 1,000 for the winter season in 2005. Twenty-six countries helm Antarctic research stations.

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    Where is Antarctica located?

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    Antarctica is the ice-covered continent that surrounds the South Pole and is itself surrounded by the Southern Ocean. It is the fifth largest land mass on the planet.

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    What is the capital of Antarctica?

    A:

    Antarctica does not have a capital, for it is not an independent country. Many countries have territorial claims on the continent, but few of them even have cities.

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