Q:

What type of wildlife is in the Canadian Shield?

A:

Quick Answer

There is a large variety of wildlife in the Canadian Shield, also called the Boreal Shield, including waterfowl, land animals, mammals and fish. According to the Ecological Framework of Canada, the variety of wildlife can be attributed to the many different areas that make up the ecozone. For example, the caribou settles in the forests, which have an abundance of lichen, the caribou's favorite food.

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What type of wildlife is in the Canadian Shield?
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Full Answer

Spring brings forth an abundance of water, which attracts thousands of ducks, loons, geese and swans. Two reasons for this are to breed and to rest before flying further north to nesting grounds. In the summer, there are a variety of waterfowl, including the bufflehead, American black duck, wood duck, ringneck duck and Canadian goose.

Some land animals include the woodland caribou, moose, snowshoe hare, fisher, marten, black bear, wolf, lynx, striped skunk and white-tailed deer. The wetlands, ponds, rivers and lakes provide good homes for beaver, muskrat and minks.

The ocean environment includes a variety of mammals, the most common being harp and hooded seals, grey whales, killer whales, Atlantic pilot whales, sperm whales, blue whales and fin whales. The Northern right and bowhead whales, which are endangered, also occupy the region. The areas off the north shores of Quebec and the continental shelf of Newfoundland and Labrador are important to commercial fishing. Lake trout, lake whitefish, northern pike and burbot are the most common fish found in the Canadian Shield.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the climate of the Canadian Shield?

    A:

    The Canadian Shield, a northern region constituting almost half of Canada, has a cold, dry climate characterized by Arctic winds, heavy snowfall during the winter, cool, short summers in the north and warm summers in the south. The region gets around 18 inches of rain each year.

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  • Q:

    What are physical features of the Canadian Shield?

    A:

    Swamps, lakes, hills, basins and mountain ranges create the suite of physical features in the Canadian Shield. The Canadian Shield covers a vast stretch of land, ranging from the Hudson Bay into eastern, central and northern parts of Canada. The Canadian Shield also includes the Great Lakes, extends north of the Arctic Circle and stretches into Greenland.

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  • Q:

    What are some facts about the Canadian Shield?

    A:

    The Canadian Shield is a plateau that covers approximately half of Canada, as well as most of Greenland and a portion of the northern United States. It is the oldest part of the North American plate and the largest formation of exposed Precambrian rock in the world.

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  • Q:

    What are some examples of animals that live within the Canadian Shield?

    A:

    The Canadian Shield is home to moose caribou, bears, muskrats, wolves, woodchucks, moose, raccoons, beavers, coyotes, foxes, wolverines, weasels, deer, mink and otters. Atlantic salmon, eight different species of whales, seals, walleye rock bass, largemouth bass, muskies and Northern pike are creatures that are commonly found in nearby water.

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