The Nile River and its adjacent lakes are home to over 100 fish species, including perch, catfish and tilapia. Tilapia and perch are popular food fish with rapid reproductive cycles. Nile catfish live at the bottom of the river and are also edible, but they are unpopular in many cultures because they eat dead and dying fish and other material that sinks down to the riverbed.Know More
Nile perch are aggressive predators. Adult specimens are silver with a thin blue stripe on both sides. They are often over 5 feet long and weigh more than 300 pounds. These feisty fish are popular among sports anglers and are an important component of the tourism industry in and around the Nile basin.
Silver cyprinids are also abundant in the Nile's ecosystem. These ray-finned fish live in Lake Victoria, one of the Nile's largest and most important sources. Cyprinids are nocturnal and attracted to luminescent lures, especially on cloudy or moonless nights. These fish are one of the most important protein sources for humans in Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya.
Many other animals also live in the Nile and along its shores. These include hippopotamuses and rhinoceroses. Hippos are especially fearsome because of their extreme aggression toward humans, remarkable running speed and immensely powerful jaws.Learn more about Bodies of Water
The countries that the Nile River runs through include Egypt, Zaire, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Uganda and Ethiopia. The Nile River begins at Lake Victoria in Uganda and ends at Lake Tana in Ethiopia. Its mouth leads to the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Egypt.Full Answer >
The cataracts of the Nile River are portions of the river characterized by a sheer, rocky topography and a predominance of boulders that obstruct navigation in these areas. Although numerous cataracts have been charter, these shallow waters that extend for several miles from Egypt to Sudan are classified into six major divisions: First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth and Sixth cataracts.Full Answer >
The source of the Nile River is considered to be the Kagera River and its tributary, the Ruvubu River, in the African country of Burundi. The Nile River travels for over 4,200 miles until it empties into the Mediterranean Sea.Full Answer >
The White Nile, considered the primary source of the Nile River, starts at Lake No located in South Sudan. Some people consider Lake Victoria, the rivers that drain from it and feed into the White Nile the start of the Nile instead. Most of the water comes from the Blue Nile, along with most of the fertile soil.Full Answer >