The five vertical climate zones of Latin America are tierra caliente, tierra templada, tierra fria, tierra helada and tierra nevada. These climate zones are the result of altitudinal zonation.Know More
Altitudinal zonation is a layering of climate zones in mountainous regions. Five of these zones occur in Latin America.
The tierra caliente zone is hot and comprises tropical rainforests and savannas.
The tierra templada is a temperate zone of evergreen forests. Coffee is an important economic crop in this zone.
The tierra fria is the upper limit of natural tree growth and is a region of high plateaus and mountain valleys. Many indigenous subsistence farmers rely on the tierra fria region to grow grains and potatoes. Lake Titicaca, on the border of Bolivia and Peru, is part of the tierra fria region. Together with the tierra templada, the tierra fria contains an important Latin American ecosystem, with species found nowhere else on Earth: the cloud forest.
The tierra helada region consists of alpine meadows. Little crop farming takes place here but it provides excellent grazing land for llamas and alpacas.
The final zone, the tierra nevada, marks the snow line in Latin America. Above this demarcation, ice and snow cover the ground throughout the year.Learn more about Central America
As of 2014 Latin American countries include Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Paraguay, El Salvador and Panama. Latin American countries are those countries in the New World where the official language is Spanish, Portuguese or French. However, many of the inhabitants speak Creole versions of these languages or Native American languages like Quechua.Full Answer >
According to USA Today, the climate of Paraguay varies depending on the time of year and location within the country but is subtropical with an average temperature of 75 F. As Paraguay is in the southern hemisphere, its summer runs from October to April and winter from May through September. The northern part of Paraguay is dryer and more arid, while the south, with its rainforests, is more humid.Full Answer >
Costa Rica's climate is best described as a temperate tropical climate. There are no pronounced seasons, as the average temperature throughout the country ranges between 71 F and 81 F year round. There are only two seasons: the rainy season and the dry season.Full Answer >
The smallest Central American nation is El Salvador. It has an area of approximately 13,000 square miles. El Salvador borders the Pacific Ocean to the south, Honduras to the north and Guatemala to the west.Full Answer >