Q:

What are the vertical climate zones in Latin America?

A:

The five vertical climate zones of Latin America are tierra caliente, tierra templada, tierra fria, tierra helada and tierra nevada. These climate zones are the result of altitudinal zonation.

Altitudinal zonation is a layering of climate zones in mountainous regions. Five of these zones occur in Latin America.

The tierra caliente zone is hot and comprises tropical rainforests and savannas.

The tierra templada is a temperate zone of evergreen forests. Coffee is an important economic crop in this zone.

The tierra fria is the upper limit of natural tree growth and is a region of high plateaus and mountain valleys. Many indigenous subsistence farmers rely on the tierra fria region to grow grains and potatoes. Lake Titicaca, on the border of Bolivia and Peru, is part of the tierra fria region. Together with the tierra templada, the tierra fria contains an important Latin American ecosystem, with species found nowhere else on Earth: the cloud forest.

The tierra helada region consists of alpine meadows. Little crop farming takes place here but it provides excellent grazing land for llamas and alpacas.

The final zone, the tierra nevada, marks the snow line in Latin America. Above this demarcation, ice and snow cover the ground throughout the year.


Is this answer helpful?

Similar Questions

  • Q:

    How did Latin America get its name?

    A:

    According to the Random History website, Latin America is named for the Latin language, which is the origin of the languages spoken in that area. The dominant languages in Latin America are Spanish and Portuguese, which descend from Latin.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are some Latin American countries?

    A:

    As of 2014 Latin American countries include Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Mexico, Venezuela, Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Argentina, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Paraguay, El Salvador and Panama. Latin American countries are those countries in the New World where the official language is Spanish, Portuguese or French. However, many of the inhabitants speak Creole versions of these languages or Native American languages like Quechua.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What are the natural vegetation zones of Canada?

    A:

    Canada has seven vegetation zones including tundra, west coast forest, cordilleran vegetation, boreal and taiga forest, grassland, mixed forest and deciduous forest. Vegetation regions are characterized by similar plant life as determined by climate and other factors, such as geology, soil composition and erosion. The boreal forest region is the largest in Canada, followed by the Arctic tundra region.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the climate like in Antarctica?

    A:

    The climate in Antarctica is extremely cold with very little precipitation. The coldest ever temperature to be recorded on Earth was -128.56 degrees Fahrenheit in Antarctica at Vostok Station.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore