The water in the Caribbean appears blue because it absorbs the red, yellow and green wavelengths of light while reflecting the shorter blue wavelengths of light. The Caribbean water is very clear due to the absence of suspended particles and plankton, further increasing the blue color.Know More
In areas of the ocean where the water has large levels of plankton, the water takes on a green color. Plankton uses chlorophyll to produce food through photosynthesis. Water suspends plankton, causing it to reflect more of the green light that occurs in tropical areas such as the Caribbean.
There is a cost to the clear, blue water of the Caribbean, however. Plankton is the base of the food web for ocean life. In these blue waters, life is harsh, and the creatures living there must adapt to living in a nutrient-poor ocean.
Observers see these adaptations in the coral reef. Coral are living creatures that form the bony structure for the underwater community. The reef provides hiding places and draws in other ocean life. The coral reef ecosystem reduces the harshness of tropical ocean life without affecting the color of the water.
In some shallow areas, the water takes on an aqua color due to the reflection of the sunlight on the sand at the bottom of the ocean. However, in areas where the water is deeper, most of the light is absorbed as energy by the water long before it has a chance to reflect from the bottom of the ocean.Learn more about Caribbean
The smallest island in the Caribbean is Saba, which has a land area of 5 square miles. The island’s small size keeps it secluded with a local population of around 1,500.Full Answer >
There are over 7,000 islands that are found in the Caribbean. Most of these islands are part of different territories and also are in different geographical groups like the Lesser and Greater Antilles. Although some islands like Puerto Rico are territories of certain countries, others are independent nations.Full Answer >
Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean by size and population, according to USA Today. The area of Cuba is 42,803 square miles, slightly smaller than Pennsylvania, and the CIA estimates the population of Cuba to be 11,047,251 as of July 2014.Full Answer >
The predominant religion in the Caribbean is Catholicism, followed by Protestantism and then Hinduism. The British brought Protestantism to the region beginning in the 1620s, while the earlier and much greater French and Spanish colonial influence helped Catholicism to become the major religion. The slaves that were brought to the region also added their own African beliefs to the mixture, and gave rise to new hybrid religions that combined elements of African spirituality with Christianity, such as Vodun, Shango and Orisha.Full Answer >