The Weddell Sea is at the extreme south of the Atlantic Ocean. The Antarctic Peninsula of West Antarctica forms the sea's western boundary, while the Coats Land of East Antarctica forms its eastern boundary. The Filchner and Ronne ice shelves are at the southern end of the Weddell Sea.
The total area of the Weddell Sea is around 1.08 million square miles. Due to its location, the sea experiences severe weather and heavy icing. As a result, few oceanographers have explored the region, although many attempts occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Floating ice stations and modern icebreakers have made more extensive exploration possible.Learn More
Many animals live at the North Pole, commonly referred to as the Arctic region, including arctic foxes, arctic hares, Alaskan malamutes, polar bears, seals and beluga whales. Some animals live closer to the bottom of the Arctic region, like malamutes, while others live close to the physical North Pole like polar bears, seals and whales.Full Answer >
The Arctic Circle passes through three continents: Asia, Europe and North America. This includes eight countries: Russia, Canada, Norway, Sweden, Finland, the United States (Alaska), Denmark (Greenland) and Iceland.Full Answer >
There are no true cities on the continent of Antarctica; instead, there are approximately 24 research stations with populations ranging from 1,000 to 4,000 people. The research stations are designed for scientific studies only, and they do not support tourism.Full Answer >
The first explorer to gather evidence of Antarctica's existence was Captain James Cook between 1772 and 1775. It was not until subsequent expeditions (1819-1820) by William Smith and James Bransfield that the shore was sighted. It was another year before the American Captain John Davis actually landed on the continent.Full Answer >