Some of the effects of Imperialism on the countries of Southeast Asia were the transfer of a significant amount of wealth out of the region, a shifting of the region's labor focus away from agriculture to the production of commodity exports and the area's formerly self-contained economy becoming dangerously vulnerable to shifting worldwide price and demand fluctuations. Millions of Southeast Asian lives were altered by the economic and environmental changes that took place as a result of the natural resource and animal life balances that were rearranged and upset by the extensive colonial enterprises taking place in the region. Huge numbers of laborers also migrated into Southeast Asia, particularly from India and China, and changed preexisting ethnic, social and religious demographics.
Prior to the expansion of the colonial powers into Southeast Asia, the region was the economic equal of Europe. One of the effects of Imperialism, however, was a new economic dependence on the nations of the West until the mid-1900s. Colonial rule also helped fuel nationalistic movements and struggles for self-determination in the region.
The development of export economies, which survived past the end of Imperialism, was a factor in the area's post-World War II growth. After independence, the ideas and concepts of the nation-state, courts of law and a centralized bureaucracy that were learned from the Imperial powers contributed to the rapid economic development of Southeast Asian nations such as Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.Learn More
Physical features of Southeast Asia include mountain ranges, plains, peninsulas, straights and islands. Vietnam and Indonesia are well-known for their mountain ranges. The tallest mountain in Southeast Asia is Hkakabo Razi in Myanmar, which is more than 19,000 feet high. Other notable features include the Tonle Sap Basin and the Mekong Lowlands in Cambodia. The islands and volcanoes of the Malaysian Archipelago are also part of Southeast Asia.Full Answer >
Rice is the largest crop of Southeast Asia. Fifty-eight percent of the world's rice is produced in the region, with Thailand the world's second-largest rice exporter (following China). Tea, spices and coconuts are also major food crops produced in Southeast Asia.Full Answer >
Causes of Imperialism were the desire for economic gain and a belief that a country's values were superior and the desire to spread religion while the effects of Imperialism were increases in infrastructure in the countries being explored and a loss of identity for their citizens. Imperialism benefited the countries doing the colonizing, not the countries being colonized.Full Answer >
Southeast Asia is composed of 11 independent nations, each with their own government. However, of these states, 10 also form the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, a group devoted to improving economic, political, and social growth in the region.Full Answer >