The preamble and 11 orders enumerated by the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut governed the colony from 1639 until 1662. This document, which governed Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield, followed other codified laws in New England at the time, except in a more compact form. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were inspired by Thomas Hooker's sermon delivered May 31, 1638.
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut proscribed that the colony elect one governor and six magistrates. No one could serve as governor more than once every two years. The General Court, or elected body established by the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, convened every September and April. During the fall term, men were nominated by deputies from each town for governor and magistrate. Every April term featured the election, meaning a governor's term was just one year.
The governor and magistrates served as the upper house of the Connecticut General Court. Freemen in each town elected deputies, the representatives of each town at the General Court sessions. The General Court handled lawmaking, administrative duties, judicial process and executive authority over Connecticut, with no mention of England or the English monarchy.
Despite the Puritan origins of the preamble, no religious test was ascribed to voters. The General Court was regarded as the supreme authority of the colony until the charter of Connecticut in 1662. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were based on a similar document in Massachusetts.Learn More
Connecticut lies in the northeastern United States, as a New England state. Its border states include Massachusetts to the north, Rhode Island to the east, the Atlantic to the south and New York to the west. The southern border consists of 250 miles of Long Island and Atlantic Ocean shoreline.Full Answer >
The state of Connecticut got its name from the Connecticut River, which runs through the central part of the state before emptying into Long Island Sound. The word comes from the Indian name "Quinnehtukqut," meaning "beside the long, tidal river."Full Answer >
The greatest natural resources in the state of Connecticut are abundant forests, rivers and associated wildlife. The land near the various rivers is also well suited for farming and riverbed sea life harvesting.Full Answer >
The state animal of Connecticut is the sperm whale, as of 2014. The sperm whale was declared the official animal of the state in 1975 by the Connecticut General Assembly.Full Answer >