Q:

What is a 12-gauge shotgun?

A:

Quick Answer

A 12-gauge shotgun is one whose barrel is the diameter of a ball of lead weighing one-twelfth of a pound. The diameter of a 12-gauge barrel is approximately .729 inches.

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What is a 12-gauge shotgun?
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Full Answer

Gauge as a measurement of barrel width is an artifact of the age of the cannon, when guns were measured by the weight of the shot they fired. Over time, larger gauges have fallen out of common use, leaving 12-gauge and smaller shotguns the most common shotguns available. As of 2014, the 10-gauge is the only larger shotgun in common use, with 20-gauge and 28-gauge shotguns offering a smaller barrel width and less recoil than 12-gauge models.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    How do you calculate a shotgun gauge?

    A:

    The gauge of a shotgun is calculated by using lead balls that are the same diameter as the shotgun barrel. The number of these lead balls it takes to equal 1 pound is equivalent to the gauge of the shotgun. The items needed to measure shotgun gauge are rubber gloves, shotgun, pen and paper, scale, a precise measuring tool, and up to 20 lead balls the same diameter as the shotgun barrel. This process only takes a few minutes to complete.

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  • Q:

    What is the shortest legal length for a shotgun barrel?

    A:

    In the United States, the minimum legal barrel length of a shotgun is 18 inches. Shotguns with shorter barrels must be federally registered and are subject to taxation.

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  • Q:

    How thick is 12-gauge steel?

    A:

    This answer depends on the geographic location of the asker. In the United states, 12-gauge steel is 0.1094 inches or 2.78 millimeters thick. In Great Britain, 12-gauge steel is 0.109 inches or 2.769 millimeters thick.

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  • Q:

    What are the Colorado laws on open carry pistols?

    A:

    The Colorado constitution allows carrying a firearm in public, says Kristyn Leon for Fox 21 News. Colorado's open carry law sets limitations for anyone carrying a weapon, such as barring them from government buildings. Open carry is not allowed in businesses that post a notice saying "No display of firearms."

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