According to the National Archives and Records Administration, there are five sections to the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The Amendment states requirements for due process, citizenship rights for the purpose of voting, conditions upon the U.S. Congress and the obligation of the U.S. Congress to pay its debts.
Section one sets the rights of alleged criminals and all citizens before the law and lays out the concept of due process. It insures that those within the legal system do not violate a citizen’s basic rights. Section two grants that Representatives whom the citizens elect to Congress are a proportion of the voters in the state. Section three bars any person that acts in a rebellion from federal office. Section four requires that the U.S. Congress honor its debt, unless debts occur as a result of insurrection. Section five gives the U.S. Congress the power to uphold the amendment.