The 18th Amendment, which began the Prohibition era with the outlawing of alcohol, opened the doors to organized crime during the 1920s, overwhelming law enforcement prior to the amendment's repeal in 1933. This was the only American constitutional amendment to be repealed in its entirety.Know More
The 18th Amendment took effect on Jan. 17, 1920, after years of lobbying by the progressive temperance movement. Women were the prime movers behind both temperance and women's suffrage and viewed the elimination of alcohol as a key women's-rights issue.
While in the early days of Prohibition alcohol consumption and alcohol-related crime decreased, the demand for alcohol that still existed empowered crime bosses to organize networks for the production and smuggling of alcohol. Safety standards for liquor became nonexistent. While, according to the U.S. Department of Justice, crime overall decreased, the nature of crime did change. Homicides related to organized crime skyrocketed, and more people were incarcerated than ever before. The Volstead Act, enacted to help enforce Prohibition, proved to be nearly unenforceable.
After a decade of intensifying organized crime and then the crushing burden of the Great Depression, America decided Prohibition was not worth the cost. On Dec. 5, 1933, state conventions overwhelmingly voted to pass the 21st Amendment repealing Prohibition.Learn more about The Constitution
The 18th Amendment, the prohibition of the manufacture, sale and distribution of alcohol, was caused by the widespread belief that the consumption of alcohol was deteriorating Americans' health, lowering productivity and causing criminal activities, according to History.com. The 18th Amendment was ratified by Congress on Jan. 29, 1919, and it went into effect the next January.Full Answer >
According to the National Constitution Center, the 18th Amendment is the only repealed amendment. Congress passed it on Dec. 18, 1917, ratified it on Jan. 16, 1919, and repealed it on Dec. 5, 1933.Full Answer >
As of 2014, there are only 27 amendments successfully ratified to the U.S. Constitution. The first 10 amendments, known as the Bill of Rights, were submitted in 1789 and ratified in 1791. The last amendment to the Constitution came in 1993.Full Answer >
The 11th Amendment establishes state immunity against foreign prosecution. The amendment actually does not grant immunity but clarifies Article III Section 2 of the Constitution, which addresses the states and non-citizens.Full Answer >