The advantages of a bicameral legislature include stability, more varied representation and the passing of quality legislation. The disadvantages include deadlock and unequal representation. A majority of the countries in the world have bicameral legislatures.Know More
The stability of a bicameral legislative system comes from the ability of the two houses to check each other's power. This prevents a dictatorship of the majority and avoids the passing of legislation based merely on popularity. The houses in a bicameral legislature are typically elected or selected through different processes, allowing for more versatility and forms of representation. In the United States, for instance, members of the House of Representatives are elected in district elections every two years, while members of the Senate are elected in state-wide elections every six years. Because the process in such a legislative system is slower, it forces quality decision-making and compromise that is often not seen in unicameral legislatures.
Bicameral legislatures do have their disadvantages, however, among the primary of which is deadlock, or an inability to pass legislation because neither house is willing to budge on its version of a bill. Bicameral parliaments also often have houses whose members wield equal voting power, although they may represent a significantly different number of voters. In the United States, for instance, the most populous and least populous state have the same number of senators.Learn more about Types of Government
The primary purpose for a bicameral legislature is to dilute the effects of the popular will in decision making for a state or country by creating more hurdles for legislation to clear before becoming law and/or by creating one house of the legislature that does not go through direct election. The British Parliament and the original makeup of the United States Congress both fulfilled this purpose.Full Answer >
The term "oligarchy" refers to a form of government that concentrates power in the hands of an elite group, rather than a central figure, an elected assembly or the people at large, and the primary advantages appear to exist for the benefit of that elite group, while the disadvantages apply to the rest of the citizens who have to follow laws written to benefit that small group. Oligarchies often come about as a response to social disaster, such as the fallout in Germany after World War I or the ruling group in the fictitious country of Oceania that emerged in George Orwell's novel "1984."Full Answer >
Some advantages of bureaucracies are that they promote equal treatment of everyone and protect citizen interests. Some disadvantages of bureaucracy is that they are rule driven and not democratic. Ironically, the pros and the cons of bureaucracies are similar in nature.Full Answer >
The primary advantage of a centrally planned economy is that it allows the government to guide economic growth. Central planning also allow the government to direct resources toward particular areas. It can lead to a stronger economy.Full Answer >