The primary advantage of the electoral college is its ability to simplify elections; its primary disadvantage is inequalities among different states. Despite its waning popularity, states are unlikely to ever support a constitutional amendment abolishing the electoral college.
The framers of the United States Constitution were wary of direct elections. Senators were originally chosen by state legislatures, and many of the authors of the Constitution did not want citizens to directly decide the presidential election. Much of their fear was based on a lack of trust in voters. With an electoral college, educated representatives could vote for a preferred candidate if someone they did not approve of was chosen. Through the years, however, most states have passed laws requiring electoral voters to cast their votes in accordance with who the states' citizens voted for.
Most voters now support eliminating the electoral college due to its antiquated nature. In addition, many voters dislike that fact that a vote in Florida, where elections tend to be close, matters more than a vote in a state where the race is not close. George W. Bush famously won the 2000 election despite losing the popular vote, and he almost lost the 2004 election despite having a fairly large national lead. Had John Kerry received just 30,000 more votes in Ohio, he would have been elected president.Learn More
The electoral college has always had strong opponents who have argued that it should be abolished. Their reasons include the fact that, under certain circumstances, a president can be elected without winning the majority of electoral votes. They also point out that electors are free to vote however they wish and claim that the electoral college makes it impossible for third-party and independent candidates to be elected.Full Answer >
There are different arguments for and against the continued use of the electoral college in elections. Those in favor of the electoral college maintain that it better represents the choices of the nation as a whole and eliminates the need to recount the votes of the entire country, lessening the chances for election fraud.Full Answer >
A primary advantage of being a nurse midwife is the ability to focus health care on pregnant women and the delivery of new babies. Drawbacks include perceived deficiencies relative to mainstream obstetrics and the required investment in education to get a career.Full Answer >
The primary advantage of a teacher-made test is the ability of the teacher to design a customized test that matches the learning goals and content of the class. A key drawback is that teacher-made tests are often narrow in scope, and aligned only with the individual teacher's goals.Full Answer >