Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.Know More
One reason why Benito Mussolini came to power in Italy was his promise that the trains would run on time. Before he entered office, the trains were notoriously late, and if his rule had brought greater efficiency, that would have changed (although there is no evidence that it did). Totalitarian rule has the potential to create a society with a great deal of order because there is only one voice making decisions. In Hitler's Germany, society ran quite smoothly for those who fit Hitler's vision of an ideal citizen.
The major disadvantage of fascism is that having only one person in power means that there are no governing ethics or principles in place if that person loses stability. The saying "Power corrupts, and absolute power corrupts absolutely" takes one of its most graphic historical examples from the rule of Hitler, as he used his totalitarian power to slaughter millions of innocents and to wreak havoc all over Europe.Learn more about Types of Government
An advantage of aristocracy as a form of government is that it prevents political power from residing with one person but rather distributes it among an elite who are theoretically best qualified to rule. A disadvantage is that the political power is not shared by all people, as in a democracy. Additionally, aristocracies tend to pass power on through heredity rather than merit.Full Answer >
The pros of representative democracy include that elected officials are often better informed and the government is more efficient, whereas some cons include that citizens don’t participate directly and elected officials have the ability to ignore their constituents once elected. Representative democracy is one where instead of direct democracy where all of the people in an area make all of the decisions, the people elect officials to make the decisions on their behalf.Full Answer >
The advantage of a theocracy is that all members of the society theoretically share a set of common values and traditions and are compelled to obey the chief ruler, who is considered immortal and infallible. This helps ensure a cohesive society. The disadvantages include a susceptibility to abuse by unscrupulous persons and the marginalization or persecution of people who don't share the faith.Full Answer >
In communities with a large population, representative democracy allows the people to be heard without requiring everyone to submit their opinion on a subject individually. This means that more people get to have a voice without the crippling slow-down that would result from having thousands or even millions of individuals vote on each individual issue.Full Answer >