According to Dr. Dianne Berman of Santa Monica College, the advantages of federalism include the ability to experiment with policy, empowerment of local government, opportunities for direct democracy and decentralization of power. The disadvantages of federalism include conflict between regional and national governments and inequality between regional governments.Know More
Federalism allows policy initiatives to fail or succeed on the local level before implementation by national governments. In the United States, this is evident with healthcare and cap-and-trade policies. In the U.S. Constitution, certain powers belong to regional governments while others delegate to the national government. This restricts the ability of all governments to implement policies that are unpopular or ineffective. This separation of powers provides a check on government. Federalism also encourages various allocations of resources because local governments must provide for some of their own expenditures. This leads to disparity between governments. Ambiguity between the powers of the regional and national government also causes conflict.
Three of the founding fathers, James Madison, John Jay and Alexander Hamilton, wrote the "Federalist Papers," which outlined the federal system in the United States. These newspaper articles raised concerns about the system and voiced the advantages of the federal system to avoid tyranny of the minority.Learn more in Types of Government
An advantage of aristocracy as a form of government is that it prevents political power from residing with one person but rather distributes it among an elite who are theoretically best qualified to rule. A disadvantage is that the political power is not shared by all people, as in a democracy. Additionally, aristocracies tend to pass power on through heredity rather than merit.Full Answer >
The advantage of a theocracy is that all members of the society theoretically share a set of common values and traditions and are compelled to obey the chief ruler, who is considered immortal and infallible. This helps ensure a cohesive society. The disadvantages include a susceptibility to abuse by unscrupulous persons and the marginalization or persecution of people who don't share the faith.Full Answer >
The pros of representative democracy include that elected officials are often better informed and the government is more efficient, whereas some cons include that citizens don’t participate directly and elected officials have the ability to ignore their constituents once elected. Representative democracy is one where instead of direct democracy where all of the people in an area make all of the decisions, the people elect officials to make the decisions on their behalf.Full Answer >
Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.Full Answer >