The term "oligarchy" refers to a form of government that concentrates power in the hands of an elite group, rather than a central figure, an elected assembly or the people at large, and the primary advantages appear to exist for the benefit of that elite group, while the disadvantages apply to the rest of the citizens who have to follow laws written to benefit that small group. Oligarchies often come about as a response to social disaster, such as the fallout in Germany after World War I or the ruling group in the fictitious country of Oceania that emerged in George Orwell's novel "1984."
Republics and democracies are fundamentally inefficient because it takes so long for the government to formulate a response to challenges in many cases. This lack of efficiency often means that the government appears incompetent. In situations like Germany after World War I, in which the economy was in shambles and the Nazi Party was prepared to step in and take power, people were willing to accept a loss of freedom in exchange for strong leadership. However, when the ruling group takes power, often the input and interests of those out of power go by the wayside.Learn More
Totalitarianism is a form of government where the state has total power, but in a democracy, the people of a country (or region) vote to elect leaders who act on their behalf. A totalitarianism government typically has a dictator that leads it, like Benito Mussolini in Italy during World War II.Full Answer >
One of the most significant societal benefits of a democracy is that it is intended to provide equality and access to opportunity for all citizens. Additionally, a democracy is designed with checks and balances to minimize the potential for abuses of political power.Full Answer >
Democracy is a system of governance by the people and for the people with the decision of rules and rulers made by the citizens of the country, while fascism is a system of governance by one individual or small group with no input from the citizenry allowed. Democracy values the freedom of speech and ideas, while fascism outlaws any speech or opinions contrary to their central belief.Full Answer >
A republic government is a state in which the ultimate power is vested in the people who vote, and that power is carried out by representatives chosen by the citizens. It is a state in which the government leader is voted upon rather then ascending by inheritance or appointment.Full Answer >