The advantage of a theocracy is that all members of the society theoretically share a set of common values and traditions and are compelled to obey the chief ruler, who is considered immortal and infallible. This helps ensure a cohesive society. The disadvantages include a susceptibility to abuse by unscrupulous persons and the marginalization or persecution of people who don't share the faith.
Theocracy is the oldest form of government. In the ancient world, the supreme ruler was believed to have direct contact with a god. The Jews believed that their god appeared to Moses in a burning bush and so Moses became the ruler of Israel. Some kings were considered gods themselves, such as the pharaohs of Egypt. China and Japan had theocratic forms of government until 1911 and 1942, respectively, which contributed to insularity as well as domestic consensus. During the Middle Ages, European royalty deferred to the Church. Modern Islamic states are ruled by Sharia, which is religious law. Iran is governed by a supreme leader who appoints the commander of the armed forces, the director of media and other important managers. Iran represents both positive and negative aspects of theocracy; positive aspects include a united center for decision-making in the event of a national crisis, and negative aspects include a disregard for the rights of non-believers.Learn More
The pros of representative democracy include that elected officials are often better informed and the government is more efficient, whereas some cons include that citizens don’t participate directly and elected officials have the ability to ignore their constituents once elected. Representative democracy is one where instead of direct democracy where all of the people in an area make all of the decisions, the people elect officials to make the decisions on their behalf.Full Answer >
Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.Full Answer >
An advantage of aristocracy as a form of government is that it prevents political power from residing with one person but rather distributes it among an elite who are theoretically best qualified to rule. A disadvantage is that the political power is not shared by all people, as in a democracy. Additionally, aristocracies tend to pass power on through heredity rather than merit.Full Answer >
According to Dr. Dianne Berman of Santa Monica College, the advantages of federalism include the ability to experiment with policy, empowerment of local government, opportunities for direct democracy and decentralization of power. The disadvantages of federalism include conflict between regional and national governments and inequality between regional governments.Full Answer >