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What are the advantages of unitary government?

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Unitary governments draw praise for creating uniform laws, policies and administrative procedures, and for fostering a national sense of unity and stability. Unitary governments are essentially those that operate under a central system of power. In these government systems, all powers vested in the government are held by a single, central controlling agency.

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Unitary governments are found across the world, including the United Kingdom. They are characterized by the existence of a single controlling entity, such as a parliament, which assumes control of all governmental operations. Under unitary governments, local governments (such as town and state governments) exist, but have little functional purpose. Local governments, under this system of rule, have the power to step in to perform administrative tasks and relieve the central body of administrative burdens only when absolutely necessary.

Citizens of nations controlled by unitary governments as well as political analysts laud this type of government for its ability to create a single and efficient method of governance. By creating uniform laws and policies, the government reduces duplicative efforts, leading to reduced costs for carrying out government tasks, and less risk of tensions and conflicts between operations at federal and local levels. Unitary governments are also praised for creating a sense of unity and offering a stable structure of governance.

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  • Q:

    What are the disadvantages of the unitary system?

    A:

    The disadvantages of a unitary system include a lack of power balances, the possibility for slow national response because the national government must control everything, the lack of power in the local government and a lack of representation among its citizens. The British government is a unitary system and the United States government is a federalist system.

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  • Q:

    Why is government necessary?

    A:

    Government is a necessary measure for people to be able to protect their personal property interests. The idea stems from John Locke's "Second Treatise on Government," on which much of the United States Constitution is based.

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  • Q:

    What are the advantages and disadvantages of oligarchy?

    A:

    The term "oligarchy" refers to a form of government that concentrates power in the hands of an elite group, rather than a central figure, an elected assembly or the people at large, and the primary advantages appear to exist for the benefit of that elite group, while the disadvantages apply to the rest of the citizens who have to follow laws written to benefit that small group. Oligarchies often come about as a response to social disaster, such as the fallout in Germany after World War I or the ruling group in the fictitious country of Oceania that emerged in George Orwell's novel "1984."

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  • Q:

    How is a limited government different from an unlimited government?

    A:

    A limited government is a constitutional government with limited power and checks and balances in place whereas an unlimited government is an authoritarian and totalitarian government. The United States is an example of a limited government.

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