The United States Senate is sometimes referred to as the "upper house" or "upper body," although there is no constitutional basis for these designations. The two chambers of the U.S. Congress were established as equal lawmaking bodies by the key framers of the Constitution. While equal in stature, each chamber has distinct duties and responsibilities.
The Senate and the House of Representatives (which is sometimes called the "lower house" or "lower body") comprise the legislative branch of the U.S. government. Historians believe that these inaccurate labels of "upper" for the Senate and "lower" for the House of Representatives stemmed from the fact that during the First Congress, the Senate occupied the second floor of Philadelphia's Congress Hall, which was a floor above the House of Representatives.Learn More
The U.S. Senate passes and votes on legislation, approves international agreements from the executive branch, confirms presidential appointees and conducts hearings against government officials suspected of wrongdoing. A senator must also interact with constituents.Full Answer >
The Speaker of the House of Representatives in the United States government is to act as the principal leader of the House with various roles, such as overseeing the daily sessions in the House, referring bills to committee, and rule on parliamentary motions. The Speaker of the House is second in line to succeed the president after the vice president.Full Answer >
Fascism refers to the totalitarian form of government that was popular in Europe in the early 1900s, most notably in Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Italy; while the horrors have emerged most loudly from that part of history, the advantages of civil order were among the benefits that those people thought the rule of Hitler and Mussolini would bring to their nations.Full Answer >
Freedom of expression is important for democracy, because it enables the public to participate in making decisions based on the free flow of information and ideas. Without it, people would be unable to make informed decisions.Full Answer >