Anticipatory socialization refers to someone adopting the standards, values and social norms of a group they are not a part of to gain acceptance. Robert K. Merton, a sociologist, defined this phenomenon in 1949.
People practice anticipatory socialization in the real world every day. For example, medical students model the doctors they following and law students model the lawyers they follow. This is also true for those people seeking entry into a specific type of church or a Mormon preparing for missionary status. This allows people to integrate into a world that they are not used to by spending time with those already in the world they seek to become a part of.Learn More
Primary socialization, also called initial socialization, is when a child learns to interact, behave and talk in society through family members. Secondary socialization occurs during the school years and adolescent years and happens through non-family influence.Full Answer >
Socialization is important for children because it teaches them how to interact, talk, read and write and how to tell right from wrong. All of the lessons that children learn through socialization before they enter school is limited to family, family friends and possibly religious centers. These lessons are biased towards this close circle of influences and their preferences on world views.Full Answer >
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) contemplated a republic in which a community of people gave up individual rights to promote the good of the community, rather than to a monarch or elected representatives, as stated by the Constitutional Rights Foundation. As a result, voting became the means of expressing the general will of "all the people" and to establish community statues and laws. This type of representation was called "direct democracy."Full Answer >
The U.S. State Department holds that a good ambassador is knowledgeable about the country to which he is assigned, loyal to his home country, an efficient communicator, a successful negotiator and a strong leader. An ambassador is an honorable representative of his country and government. He is responsible for managing an entire branch of his country's foreign service and furthering his nation's interests abroad.Full Answer >