Anticipatory socialization refers to someone adopting the standards, values and social norms of a group they are not a part of to gain acceptance. Robert K. Merton, a sociologist, defined this phenomenon in 1949.
People practice anticipatory socialization in the real world every day. For example, medical students model the doctors they following and law students model the lawyers they follow. This is also true for those people seeking entry into a specific type of church or a Mormon preparing for missionary status. This allows people to integrate into a world that they are not used to by spending time with those already in the world they seek to become a part of.Learn More
A two-house legislature is called a bicameral legislature; the United States has a bicameral legislature. The bicameral legislature of the United States has two divisions: the Senate and the House of Representatives.Full Answer >
Dictators come to power primarily during times of national weakness, such as economic downturns and during national emergencies. During national struggles, dictators emerge as powerful and confident leaders offering to provide fellow citizens with guidance and direction.Full Answer >
A government creates and enforces the laws that protect the rights and lives of citizens and discourages crime by punishing delinquents. Government provides an ordered, systematic way to ensure the safety of the citizenry. Without a government, people would be less likely to respect contracts and agreements with one another due to the lack of an objective way to settle disputes.Full Answer >
The term "oligarchy" refers to a form of government that concentrates power in the hands of an elite group, rather than a central figure, an elected assembly or the people at large, and the primary advantages appear to exist for the benefit of that elite group, while the disadvantages apply to the rest of the citizens who have to follow laws written to benefit that small group. Oligarchies often come about as a response to social disaster, such as the fallout in Germany after World War I or the ruling group in the fictitious country of Oceania that emerged in George Orwell's novel "1984."Full Answer >