Article III of the U.S. Constitution deals with the establishment of the judiciary branch of the federal government. It also sets terms for judges, states rules for the hearing of different types of cases, and defines treason.Know More
Article III of the Constitution has three sections. The first section establishes the Supreme Court as the highest court in the United States. This section also outlines the terms for judges of both the Supreme Court and lower courts. It states that judges can serve as long as they remain on "good behavior," which generally means judges serve for life. It also sets the requirement that judges must be paid.
The second section deals with when and where cases are heard. This section states which cases must first be heard by the federal judiciary and which may be brought first to the Supreme Court. If the Supreme Court hears the case first, it is called original jurisdiction. This section states that all other cases heard by the Supreme Court are to be brought through appeal. It also guarantees trial by jury in criminal court.
The third section defines the crime of treason as levying war against or adhering to the enemies of the United States.Learn more about The Constitution
The Constitution is difficult to amend because it requires a supermajority of either members of Congress or a supermajority of state legislatures to propose a new amendment for ratification. Even after acquiring the requisite two-thirds of either group to propose the amendment, it then has to be ratified by 75 percent of the states, either by their legislatures or state Constitutional conventions.Full Answer >
The Constitution outlines the national framework of government with its three branches: executive, judiciary and legislative. It describes the qualifications, responsibilities and powers of the president, members of Congress, the judiciary and principles of federalism, and it details how the Constitution may be amended.Full Answer >
The founding fathers of the United States of America wrote the Constitution because the nation's original governing document, the Articles of Confederation, proved to be relatively powerless for law enforcement. The Articles of Confederation did not give Congress the ability to protect the nation, regulate currency and enact diplomacy.Full Answer >
An unwritten constitution encompasses ideas and processes that have come about through custom and precedent, although they are not expressly stated in the Constitution. The ideas and processes that are used in an unwritten constitution are recognized as a necessary part of the American government. These processes are typically used so often that many people fail to realize that they are not part of the Constitution.Full Answer >