A bicameral legislature is composed of two chambers, both of which must pass legislation before it becomes law. The United States has a bicameral legislature, as Congress is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Bicameralism is intended to ensure that multiple perspectives are involved in the legislative process.
A bicameral legislature makes it harder for a single faction to dominate the legislative process. By dividing power between two chambers, no single party can control which laws are passed. Compromise becomes essential to the process of government, since a bicameral legislature increases the number of perspectives that are reflected in the process of making laws. Having two chambers also serves as an important check on the powers of the government. As any proposed legislation must pass through both chambers before being signed into law, it is much more difficult for a single party to pass unpopular or controversial bills.
The members of the two chambers represent different groups and are elected differently in many bicameral legislatures. In the United States Congress, the House of Representatives is intended to reflect the views of the populace as a whole, while the Senate is intended to reflect the interests of the states.Learn More
The government forms a more perfect union by promoting the unification of the states under a single national interest and purpose. This is facilitated by a federal government powerful enough to overrule competitive state interests and, thereby, keep the peace. The notion of forming a more perfect union was a response to the inadequacies of federal government under the Articles of Confederation.Full Answer >
The second in command of the executive branch of the U.S. government is the vice president. He is the one who takes over the reigns of government if the president dies, steps down or becomes incapacitated. Although vice-presidential powers are fairly limited otherwise, this duty is critical.Full Answer >
The U.S. Congress and the president determine how many federal courts exist in the country. The Constitution vests Congress with the power to pass legislation, subject to approval by the president, that establishes all inferior federal courts.Full Answer >
The amendment process refers to the means by which those with the authority can change the Constitution of the United States. Article V of the U.S Constitution grants the right to amend the document to accommodate different issues and changes in the future.Full Answer >