A breach of confidentiality is a disclosure of confidential information. Whether a breach of confidentiality exists depends upon the definition of confidential information in a contract. Many contracts define confidential information as all information not readily available to the public. This information includes customer lists, suppliers, product schematics and pricing.Know More
Without a contract, there is usually no obligation to keep information confidential, unless the disclosing party owes a fiduciary obligation to the other party. For example, a board member of a company has a fiduciary obligation not to disclose the company's confidential information. A breach of confidentiality by a board member is regarded as more serious when the board member personally benefits from the disclosure of confidential information.
Further, there are certain privileged situations that are protected by law. Depending on the jurisdiction, communication between doctors, lawyers, accountants, psychologists and their clients is privileged and confidential.
Because health care is a sensitive area, the U.S. Congress designed special rules in the Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act to ensure that there are special protections for the transfer of medical information between health care providers.
Absent a unique relationship between the two parties, the language of the contract determines what information is confidential. Any disclosure of confidential information as defined in the contract is considered a breach.Learn more about Is This Illegal?
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau reports that no one can be arrested for defaulting on a payday loan. In order to be arrested for non-payment, the creditor must go to court and obtain a judgement against the debtor. If the debtor refuses to appear, an arrest warrant can be issued.Full Answer >
According to NBC News, it is illegal to tear up or mutilate a dollar bill. The crime of destroying any legal tender is punishable by a fine of up to $100 or jail time of up to six months. Enforcement of this law is conducted by the Secret Service.Full Answer >
FindLaw explains that drivers can be penalized for driving a vehicle with an expired registration. The severity of the penalty may depend on how long the registration has been expired. For example, the driver can receive a non-moving violation for a registration that expired less than six months ago and a moving violation for a registration that expired more than six months ago.Full Answer >
According to Memorials.com, whether or not a deceased pet can be buried in a yard depends largely on local laws. Grieving pet owners should also take into account whether or not they own or rent the home; if it is a rental, the landlord should be consulted prior to burial, even if local law allows for pets to be buried in residential yards. If part of a homeowners' association, the owner should consult the association's rules and regulations as well.Full Answer >