A breach of confidentiality is a disclosure of confidential information. Whether a breach of confidentiality exists depends upon the definition of confidential information in a contract. Many contracts define confidential information as all information not readily available to the public. This information includes customer lists, suppliers, product schematics and pricing.Know More
Without a contract, there is usually no obligation to keep information confidential, unless the disclosing party owes a fiduciary obligation to the other party. For example, a board member of a company has a fiduciary obligation not to disclose the company's confidential information. A breach of confidentiality by a board member is regarded as more serious when the board member personally benefits from the disclosure of confidential information.
Further, there are certain privileged situations that are protected by law. Depending on the jurisdiction, communication between doctors, lawyers, accountants, psychologists and their clients is privileged and confidential.
Because health care is a sensitive area, the U.S. Congress designed special rules in the Health Insurance Portability & Accountability Act to ensure that there are special protections for the transfer of medical information between health care providers.
Absent a unique relationship between the two parties, the language of the contract determines what information is confidential. Any disclosure of confidential information as defined in the contract is considered a breach.Learn more about Is This Illegal?
Federal law prohibits an employer from withholding an employee paycheck for any reason. The Society for Human Resource Management indicates the Fair Labor Standards Act requires employers to pay employee wages on the next regular payday for the previous pay period. Various states have different laws regarding when a terminated employee must receive his paycheck.Full Answer >
In most instances, an unauthorized tenant can be evicted from an apartment with or without cause according to Nolo.com — a legal information clearinghouse. In some states, authorized tenants may need to proceed with a formal eviction by acting as a master tenant, although this is not always the case.Full Answer >
Duke University informs international students an F-1 visa allows them to marry, provided both individuals meet the qualifications for marriage. Once married, the holder of the F-1 visa is able to file for permanent residence using Form I-130.Full Answer >
There is no law against scattering ashes on land not designated as state or federal land. However, before scattering ashes on private property, it is advised that the family seek the permission of the property owner.Full Answer >