The bond order, which is the number of bonds between any two given atoms, is calculated using the formula: Bond order = (Bonding electrons - Anti-bonding electrons) / 2.The Lewis structures of atoms form the basis for calculating the bond order.Know More
The bond order of a molecule that has multiple Lewis structures is calculated as the average of these Lewis structures. For example, sulfur dioxide has three bonds: a single bond for sulfur oxide in one Lewis structure and a double bond for sulfur oxide in a different Lewis structure within the molecule. This gives a bond order of 1.5, which is the average value of the three bonds.
In molecular orbital theory, bond orders are calculated by assuming that a pair of electrons in a bonding molecular orbital form one bond while a pair of electrons in a non-bonding molecular orbital nullify the effect of one bond.
For example, the bonding molecular orbital of the oxygen molecule has eight valence electrons while the anti-bonding molecular orbital of the same molecule has four valence electrons. So, the bond order of the oxygen molecule can be calculated as follows:
Bond order = (Bonding electrons - Anti-bonding electrons) / 2
Simple interest expense is calculated using the formula e = (principal)(rate)(time), where "e" is the interest expense, "p" is the principal amount, "r" represents the interest rate and ''t" is the time elapsed (in years). Such calculations are used only when interest is not compounding.Full Answer >
Metals are the only substances that use metallic bonds among their atoms. While many elements are commonly known as metals, including iron, aluminum, gold, silver and nickel, metals include a variety of other elements as well. Most elements are metals, including some such as sodium, radium and calcium, which may not seem very metallic.Full Answer >
A bail bond is money put up to ensure that a defendant appears in court to face his charges. If a defendant is ordered held before trial, he may deposit money with the court in exchange for remaining free. A bail bondsman deposits the money required in exchange for a fee, allowing a defendant to post bail that he may not be able to afford.Full Answer >
The most commonly cited initiation tactic for the "Bloods" gang is called "the car bump tactic," wherein an initiate bumps a car in order to get the driver to stop, opening up the opportunity for a robbery. Another possible initiation is to call the police with reports of minor disturbances with the intent of pulling off more deadly attacks.Full Answer >