Once passed by the legislature and signed into law by the president, the people of the United States can challenge any law in the courts under the authority of the judicial branch. Laws deemed unconstitutional by the judiciary are considered void. In this way, justices of the courts become the final arbiters of the fairness and legality of a law's provisions.Know More
In 1803, the case of Marbury v. Madison enshrined the principle of judicial review in American law. Judicial review grants the courts the right to establish the consistency of any statute with existing laws and constitutional requirements. Authoring the unanimous opinion, Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall asserted the duty of the court to strike down a law deemed unconstitutional — in this case, the provision that allowed Marbury to bring his suit before the court in the first place.
In the centuries since Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court has heard tens of thousands of cases and has made controversial decisions with ramifications that affect American culture for generations. Hundreds of thousands more cases have been decided by lower levels of the judiciary. However, the path to change laws through the judiciary is not an immediate one. While laws are often debated, voted on in the legislature over matters of days or weeks, many appeals to the Supreme and appellate courts take months or years of preparation, and many more are never heard at all.Learn more about Branches of Government
The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by making sure that the judges cannot receive a reduction in their salary and cannot be removed from the bench by a president who might oppose the judge's views. This gives judges a security in their job that allows them to make decisions without worrying about political pressures.Full Answer >
The judicial branch is important because it interprets the laws of the nation. The judicial branch also has the power to compel the production of evidence. In the United States, the Supreme Court is the superior court of the judicial branch, and its decisions must be interpreted as law by the inferior courts.Full Answer >
Although there are both federal and state judicial branches with separate powers; unless specified, the judicial branch typically refers to one of three branches in the U.S. Government. The three branches work together to "check and balance" each others' power. The judicial branch is a check on the executive and legislative branches of government. According to the White House, the federal judicial branch has sole power to interpret the U.S. Constitution and federal law.Full Answer >
The role of the judicial branch in the U.S. government is to explain laws of the country, determine if laws are constitutional and regulate the federal court system, according to WhiteHouse.gov. Members of the judicial branch are appointed by the president with confirmation from the Senate.Full Answer >