Decisions made by the U.S. Supreme Court can be overturned by either a constitutional amendment or by a future U.S. Supreme Court decision, according to HowStuffWorks. Supreme Court decisions can also be countered or circumvented by new legislation.Know More
HowStuffWorks notes how difficult it is to overturn a Supreme Court ruling. As explained by SupremeCourt.gov, decisions handed down by the court are almost always final, but on rare occasions, the court's decisions can be undone by a constitutional amendment, which requires a vote from two-thirds of the states.
HowStuffWorks reports that states have done this several times over the court's history. However, it is more likely that the Supreme Court overrules its own decisions. The court might decide to review an earlier case in response to changing cultural views. In Pace v. Alabama, the court upheld state laws banning interracial marriage based on a view that such laws protected white marriages. Eighty years later, the Court overruled the Pace decision in Loving v. Virginia, ruling marriage discrimination laws were not legal.
On occasion, Congress addresses Supreme Court rulings that it doesn't agree with by passing new legislation to counter the legal precedent. For example, The Hill describes how Congress passed a bill in 2012 to deal with the issue of eminent domain and state's rights in an attempt to overturn a 2005 court decision.Learn more about Branches of Government
The nine Justices of the United States Supreme Court, as of January 2015, are John Roberts, Antonin Scalia, Anthony M. Kennedy, Clarence Thomas, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen G. Breyer, Samuel Anthony Alito, Jr., Sonia Sotomayor, and Elena Kagan. John Roberts is the Chief Justice and the others are Associate Justices.Full Answer >
The Supreme Court has exclusive powers and official jurisdiction over "all cases affecting ambassadors, other public ministers and consults" as well as any case that involves a state as one of the parties in the case and a foreign government. According to the Federal Judicial Center, the Supreme Court usually exercises its power of exclusive jurisdiction when two states are in a suit against one another.Full Answer >
As of 2014, there are nine United States Supreme Court judges. The number of justices that sit on the Supreme Court is set by Congress and ranges from five to 10.Full Answer >
The U.S. Supreme Court decided many cases in 1954, but by far the most significant and renowned decision was handed down in Brown v. Board of Education, which determined that segregation in public education is unconstitutional. The decision specifically overturned the previous "separate but equal" premise established in 1896 by the Plessy v. Ferguson case that sanctioned state-sponsored public school segregation as long as facilities were equal for all races.Full Answer >